Table of Contents
2.1.1Reasons behind consumers buying Piracy Software3
2.1.2Issues with Pirated Software4
2.2Other Digital Media Piracy4
2.2.1Issues with Pirated Media5
3.Copyright Law in Sri Lanka6
3.2Duration of Copyright7
3.3Infringement of Copyright7
3.4Act of Fair Use8
The term “Piracy” can be define as the “unauthorized use of works under copyright, infringing the copyright holder's "exclusive rights", such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the copyrighted work, spread the information contained within copyrighted works, or to make derivative works. It often refers to copying "intellectual property" without written permission from the copyright holder, which is typically a publisher or other business representing or assigned by the work's creator” . Piracy is a term which emerged since the dawn of artistic expression. In that era, kings and counts were demanded for painting from high class painters. But often they received low quality replicas which copied from the original one. The term “Digital Piracy” is much younger. When personal computers were introduced to the market in late 70s’, the digital properties such as software haven’t been identified as Intellectual properties. So there was no law against re-production, distribution or usage. But with the large demand for the new technology, law amendments were introduced in early 80s’ to recognize these as Intellectual properties of the people who developed them. Piracy of software and other digital media were emerged after this period. Sri Lanka has introduced Intellectual Property Act in 2003 to deal with these issues. But in 2012, Software piracy rate in Sri Lanka was high as 84%. This means, 84 people out of 100 are using pirated software in their computers. And on the other hand, recording industry has reported piracy rate of 99% for international repertoire CD’s. For Sinhalese repertoire in was around 35% . The above numbers clearly indicate that the law suits introduced haven’t been affected on stopping piracy on software and other digital media. This is mainly due to lack of awareness of the society regard the negative effects of these pirated copies. And on the other hand, though there is law introduced to prevent these issues, the Sri Lankan law is not strict enough when comparing to other countries in this particular area. So idea of this document is to have a brief review on current scenario of piracy in Sri Lanka, the actions it has already taken to prevent them and recommendations to make it much more effective in perspective of law as well as in perspective of society.
Modern technology has revolutionized...