South University Virginia Beach
Dr. Susanne Preston
March 01, 2013
Differential Loneliness Scale for Non-students Populations
DESCRIPTION OF THE ASSESMENT
The Differential Loneliness Scale for Non-student Populations (DLS; Schmidt & Sermat, 1983) is a self-report instrument used to assess levels of loneliness. This is a 60-item measure used to assess loneliness as well as specific sub-types: romantic-sexual relationships, friendships, family relationships and relationships with larger groups. There also happens to be another short version available it consists only of 20- items, measuring loneliness as well but used more so with ages of school age children,(6-11) adolescents and the traditional college student(s) ages ranging from 18-24. In this particular version measures four types of relationships, namely romantic/ sexual relationships (R/S), friendships (Fr) relationships with family (Fam) and relationships with large groups (Gr). Although both versions measures loneliness that we all, sometimes it raises its head / making it difficult to engage in social / communicative levels cannot cope without havedividual decides whether the question describes your situation or not. Presumably, if the question posed seems to describe your situation, either you mark true or false, or if it’s not applicable to you then you would mark that particular question false. Scoring on the scale is actually determined in the following way: For items with no asterisk next to the item number, each marking of T (True) is given one point. For items with an asterisk, each marking of F (False) is given one point. (Schmidt, & Sermat, 1983).
PURPOSE OF THE ASSESSMENT
Loneliness is a negative emotion that comes about through a discrepancy between you and the environment, child hood, and non-existing family interactions relations. (Cook & Campbell, 1979). Thus, the present study examined the separate and combined effects of interventions focused on intimate and social loneliness. Although conceptual statements abound, empirical research on this phenomenon remains limited (McWhirter, 1990b). The study conducted by Schmidt, Sermat, 1983) composed a test that was already in effect. In fact, the UCLA Loneliness Scale is the most widely used test for loneliness. Although there have been several successful attempts cognitive- behavioral interventions does it: (1) correlate with different cognitive- behavioral interventions does it: (1) correlates with different methods for measuring the same construct (loneliness) and (2) does it fail to correlate with similar methods for measuring different constructs of loneliness. In other words, the manipulated variables should produce theoretically consistent changes on measures that they are supposed to influence and the developed interventions to enhance the lives of those who are lonely. Schmidt, Sermat, 1983; Austin, 1983; Hojat, 1982; & Santos, 1985). Participants were selected after intake interviews and then randomly assigned to one of the four treatments and control conditions-thus administering the 20 or 60 item instrument test. The journal article describes the construction and preliminary validation of the Differential Loneliness Scale (DLS), is a measure that differs from previous loneliness scales- the scale asked respondents to evaluate the quality and the quantity of their interactions in specific kinds of relationships. During the teat construction item analyses was undertaken to lessen context that could play a factor such as: depression, anxiety, and self- esteem and to help minimize the response – style bias (is) of social desirability. DESCRIPTION OF THE POPULATION THAT USES THE ASSESSMENT
The population that used the scale from previous studies of the Differential Loneliness Scale, was stemmed to begin from the crib (the need of contact may...