Different Types of Art Forms

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In this essay, I will describe four different art forms. I will include painting,

dance, music, and theatre. The characteristics of each discipline will be listed along with

brief explanations of how each element is unique to the discipline.

Oils are one of the oldest forms of art expression. The oils are used most often

because of the ability of the artist to rework the piece because of a slow drying process.

An artist can use defined lines or softened shades to draw attention to a specific object.

The paint may be blended to soften a color, or the artist may choose to use a pronounced

brush stroke to intensify an object.

Water color is also used in painting to create a different type of painting

An artist uses water as a thinning agent to create alternate color combinations. The paint

will most often take on a transparent appearance. An artist must work quickly when

using watercolor to keep the colors from overlapping. Watercolor dries very quickly.

Tempera is another type of painting type. Most of the tempera colors take on a

gem like appearance. Gum or glue is added to the color pigments to form tempera.

Tempera has been used for centuries. It dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Artists are

able to achieve great detail in their work when using tempera.

Acrylic is the last type of painting that I wish to discuss. This type of paint can

be diluted to take on a transparent form or left as a vibrant color. Most acrylic paint is

water soluble. Acrylics dry quickly and thinly. They are used frequently because they

are heat resistant and adhere to other surfaces than canvas.

I will also discuss the several different elements of painting. The line is the

basic element of art. It is used by the artist to form dimension within a painting. It has

three basic characteristics; linear form, a color edge, and an implication of direction. The

line is unique because it allows the artist to control the vision of the audience. Form is

closely related to the line. A form of an object is its shape within a composition.

However, form can not be separated from line in a two-dimensional painting which

makes it unique. Color is a very important component of an art piece. Color is most often

described using hue, value, and intensity. Color is unique because it can vary from a

small variation to any color of the rainbow. Texture is the rough or smooth appearance

of a painting. It is unique because the texture can be in an extreme form of either of the

two. It may also give the painting the look of an optical illusion.

Next, I would like to discuss dance as a form of art expression. Ballet is a type of

formal dance. It may consist of a single dancers or an ensemble of dancers. In the Dance

Encyclopedia, ballet is described as “the reduction of human gesture to bare essentials,

heightened and developed into meaningful patterns.” (Spores, 160) Ballet uses dance

movements to express human emotion.

Folk dance is closely related to folk music. It is performed to traditional folk

music by a group of dancers. The dances are developed over a period of time and are

most often passed from one generation to another. The dance offers closeness to those

involved unlike many of the other types of dances.

Jazz dancing was originated in Africa. It was introduced prior to African slaves

being brought to America. It has evolved into a dance unlike any other because it relies

more on improvised movement instead of formalized dance movements. Jazz is evident

in many different areas such as theatre, movies, and television.

Modern dance encompasses many different types of dance. This style of dance

was formed out of a sort of rebellion to traditional dances. Modern dance is more

spontaneous and unconventional than other dance. Each dance is considered its own work...
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