In this essay, I will describe four different art forms. I will include painting,
dance, music, and theatre. The characteristics of each discipline will be listed along with
brief explanations of how each element is unique to the discipline.
Oils are one of the oldest forms of art expression. The oils are used most often
because of the ability of the artist to rework the piece because of a slow drying process.
An artist can use defined lines or softened shades to draw attention to a specific object.
The paint may be blended to soften a color, or the artist may choose to use a pronounced
brush stroke to intensify an object.
Water color is also used in painting to create a different type of painting
An artist uses water as a thinning agent to create alternate color combinations. The paint
will most often take on a transparent appearance. An artist must work quickly when
using watercolor to keep the colors from overlapping. Watercolor dries very quickly.
Tempera is another type of painting type. Most of the tempera colors take on a
gem like appearance. Gum or glue is added to the color pigments to form tempera.
Tempera has been used for centuries. It dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Artists are
able to achieve great detail in their work when using tempera.
Acrylic is the last type of painting that I wish to discuss. This type of paint can
be diluted to take on a transparent form or left as a vibrant color. Most acrylic paint is
water soluble. Acrylics dry quickly and thinly. They are used frequently because they
are heat resistant and adhere to other surfaces than canvas.
I will also discuss the several different elements of painting. The line is the
basic element of art. It is used by the artist to form dimension within a painting. It has
three basic characteristics; linear form, a color edge, and an implication of direction. The
line is unique because it allows the artist to control the vision of the audience. Form is
closely related to the line. A form of an object is its shape within a composition.
However, form can not be separated from line in a two-dimensional painting which
makes it unique. Color is a very important component of an art piece. Color is most often
described using hue, value, and intensity. Color is unique because it can vary from a
small variation to any color of the rainbow. Texture is the rough or smooth appearance
of a painting. It is unique because the texture can be in an extreme form of either of the
two. It may also give the painting the look of an optical illusion.
Next, I would like to discuss dance as a form of art expression. Ballet is a type of
formal dance. It may consist of a single dancers or an ensemble of dancers. In the Dance
Encyclopedia, ballet is described as “the reduction of human gesture to bare essentials,
heightened and developed into meaningful patterns.” (Spores, 160) Ballet uses dance
movements to express human emotion.
Folk dance is closely related to folk music. It is performed to traditional folk
music by a group of dancers. The dances are developed over a period of time and are
most often passed from one generation to another. The dance offers closeness to those
involved unlike many of the other types of dances.
Jazz dancing was originated in Africa. It was introduced prior to African slaves
being brought to America. It has evolved into a dance unlike any other because it relies
more on improvised movement instead of formalized dance movements. Jazz is evident
in many different areas such as theatre, movies, and television.
Modern dance encompasses many different types of dance. This style of dance
was formed out of a sort of rebellion to traditional dances. Modern dance is more
spontaneous and unconventional than other dance. Each dance is considered its own work...
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