Different Kinds of Terrorism

Topics: Terrorism, Eco-terrorism, Violence Pages: 12 (3693 words) Published: May 24, 2011
Different Types of Terrorism: 3
You have probably heard and may have used the word terrorism. When we did, it had an image in our mind. When other people used the word (terrorism) they had their own images or meanings for this term. As a result, terrorism means different things to different people. The nature of terrorism has changed over the course of history. Violent activity called terrorism at one point in time was called war. Liberation or crime in another period of history. The media has come to play an important part in some forms of terrorism. Religion has come to play and important part in some forms of terrorism. (Terrorism & Homeland Security pg. 3)

Terrorism is a pejorative term. A term that is loaded with negative and derogatory meanings. Social constant which is the way people view reality. Groups construct a framework around a concept, defining various aspects of their lives through the meaning they attribute to the construct. (Terrorism & Homeland Security pg. 3)

The official (FBI) definition of terrorism separates domestic and international terrorism. Domestic terrorism refers to activities that involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of criminal law of the United States or any other state; appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States.

International terrorism involves violent acts of acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any other state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or any Different Types of Terrorism: 4

state. (Terrorism & Homeland Security pg. 4)
Different types of terrorism have been defined by lawmakers, security professionals, scholars, and military personnel since the early 1970’s Different types depended upon the method of attack, agents or attackers uses (biological, nuclear) or by what they are trying to defend. (as in eco terrorism). Researchers began to define different types of terrorism in the 1970’s, following a decade of both domestic and international terrorism. These groups had begun to use techniques such as hijacking, bombings, diplomatic kidnapping, and assassination to assert their demands. Also for the first time, they appeared as a real threat to Western democracies. This was the first step in distinguishing different types of terrorism as part of the larger effort to understand or how to counter and deter it. (Amy Zalman, Guide to different types of terrorism)

What is terrorism? I believe most people know terrorism when they see it, but very few are able to come up with a definition. Terrorism is a strategy that has a long history. The most deadliest terrorist attack in history occurred on September 11, 2001 in the United States.

In my opinion there is no clear accepted definition of terrorism. In fact, various United States government agencies employ different definitions of terrorism. The most widely accepted definition is that of the United States State Department, followed by several other definitions.

State Department: From Title 22 of the United States code section 2656fld: the term “terrorism” means premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against

Different Types of Terrorism: 5
non combatant targets by sub national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. The term international terrorism, means terrorism involving citizens of the territory of more than one country, or that has significant subgroups that practice, international terrorism.

International terrorism involves violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state, or that would be a criminal violation if committed...
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