According to Hettich (1998), he said that learning is not simply the passive receiving of information. To learn means to change your beliefs, attitude, and behaviors about ideas being encounter. Learning is not all about gaining something by the teachers or trainings but it can be the things that we learn from others experiences then to tolerate tough things yourself. Learning is not a single step process. It takes by and by processes to shape itself. Learning something is like keeping a treasure in mind forever, it is not like remembering but to considering it the way it is and the way it can be. Learning depends on individual. According to Beltran (1996), person’s ability to learn gives enormous flexibility in our dealings with the world.
Williams & Burden articulate contemporary views on learning when they state that education "must focus on the learner” (1997:205), emphasizing learner participation in the learning process as joint course-designer, decision-maker, and evaluator, but also as a developing individual making sense of and constructing meaning in his/her own world (Piaget 1973; Kamii, Lewis & Jones 1991). The learner is an individual with different needs and these must "be considered as an integral part of learning, as also must the particular life contexts of those who are involved in the teaching-learning process”. There are three general factors which have direct impacts upon the process of learning. This factors namely: (1) school-level factors, (2) teacher-level factors, and (3) student-level factors (Marzano, 2003). The school-level factors are “primarily a function of school policy and schoolwide decisions and initiative.”: (1) a guaranteed and viable curriculum, (2) challenging goals and effective feedback, (3) safe and orderly environment, and (5) collegiality and professionalism. The teacher-level factors are “primarily under the control of the teachers”. These are: (1) instructional strategies, (2)... [continues]
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