Different Classes of Food

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Different classes of fruit

The Different Classes of Fruits
The Different Classes of Fruits
The fruit is a mature ovary which may or may not retain addition floral parts. A fruit in which such additional parts are retained is known as an accessory fruit. Fruits are classified as
* Simple
* Multiple
* Aggregate
The difference is according to the arrangement of the carpels from which the fruit is derived. Aggregate Fruits
* Consist of a number of separate carpels of one gynoecium Aggregate Fruits Examples
* Magnolia (Magnolia wilsonii)
* Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)
* Strawberry (Fragaria indica)

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Magnolia Aggregate Fruit
Multiple Fruits
* Consist of the gynoecia of more than one flower
Multiple Fruit Examples
* Pineapple (Ananas comosus)
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Grapes Berry Fruit
Simple Fruits
Develop from one carpel or several united carpels
Are the most diverse of the three groups. Can be Soft, Fleshy, Dry, Woody or Papery There are three main types of fleshy fruit
1. Berry
2. Drupe
3. Pome
Berry Fruit Examples
* Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum)
* Dates (Diospyros lotus)
* Grapes (Vitis vinifera)
These fruits contain one to several carpels, each of which is usually many seeded and the inner layer of the fruit is fleshy.

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Coconut Drupe Fruit
Drupe Fruit
One to several carpels (smilar to simple fruits) but each usually contains only a single seed. The inner coat of the fruit is stony and usually tightly stuck to seed. Drupe Fruit Examples
* Coconut (Cocus nucifera)
* Peach (Prunus persica)
* Olive (Olea europea)
* Plum (Prunus domestica)
Pome Fruit
Highly specialised fleshy fruit which is characteristic of one of the rose family. The pomeis derived from a compound inferior ovary in which the fleshy portion comes large from the endlarged base.

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