Differences in Competencies Between Adn and Bsn Nurses

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Running head: DIFFERENCES IN COMPETENCIES BETWEEN ADN AND BSN

Differences in competencies between ADN and BSN nurses

GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY
Professional Dynamics
NRS 430v

January 07, 2012

Differences in competencies between ADN and BSN nurses
Registered nurses comprise the largest sector in the health care field. 2008 National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses conducted by the Health Resources And Services Administration (HRSA) says that nursing is one of the nation's biggest health Care Profession and it comprises more than 3 million registered nurses (RNs) in the United States. It is a dynamic profession and learning is important for nurses to update their knowledge with Increased complexity of the healthcare needs of today and into the future. Debate regarding the minimum educational requirement for the nurses has been going over years with still no definite answer. Nurse with RN license may be educated to the level of BSN (Bachelor degree of nursing) or ADN (associate degree in nursing). This paper will focus on the differences in the competencies between BSN AND ADN nurses.

ADN
ADN (Associate Degree in Nursing) is the 2-3 year Associate degree level, which can be obtained at a community college or junior college. The associate degree level of nursing was originated when there was a shortage for nurses during Second World War. Primarily AND nurses were known as technical personnel’s by working under the professional nurses’ supervision and by assisting them. Eventually associate degree level of nursing became more popular and is considered as an attractive path for those who want a shortened, less expensive way to become registered nurses.

BSN
A Bachelor of Science degree in nursing (BSN) is a four-year academic degree which are knowledge, theory and research based on the entire picture of the field of nursing. The BSN is the minimum educational requirement for professional nursing practice. BSN Degree in nursing is offered in university settings, which provide the students with a broader perspective and understanding of the nursing, health, environment and individual. Competency differences between ADN and BSN

One of the main difference in competencies between associate degree (ADN) and Baccalaureate degree (BSN) is the kind of patients they serve and the health care settings they are allowed to work. “ADN nurses are educated to provide nursing care to persons with similar health alterations in structured setting, whereas BSN-prepared nurses are educated to engage in independent thinking and to provide nursing care to persons with complex and differing health alterations within a variety of settings, including the community” (Hood, 2010, pg. 18). Health care is not intended only for inpatient hospital care but community care as well. This leaves a greater disadvantage for the ADN nurses. Nowadays nurses should be able to practice in multiple care settings. BSN nurses are prepared to Practice in all health care settings like ER, critical care, community health and mental health.

As we analyze the competency differences between ADN and BSN it is obvious that
there are differences in the level of education and standards of nursing practice. Patient
safety and levels of care are improved with the high standards of nursing education and
practice. “Because nurses make decisions that affect clients’ lives, nurses need intellectual
capability to master scientific concepts, understand the impact of self on others, use this
information in clinical practice and understand potential consequences” (American
Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2007). The baccalaureate level nurses have a
vast body of knowledge compared to associate degree nurses. Studies have shown that nurses
with baccalaureate degree have stronger communication and problem-solving skills
(Johnson, 1988) and a higher proficiency in their nursing...
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