Differences in Chesapeake and New England Colonies

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Before the 1700's the New England and Chesapeake regions were both largely settled by people of English origin. Slowly, they began to evolve into different societies. Fantasies of the New World had largely appealed to troubled England. English citizens traveled to the New World for religious, economic, and various other reasons. Though the settlers of the New England and Chesapeake regions were of English origin, each region soon evolved into distinct societies due to social, economic, and religious reasons.

Social reasons were a huge part of why English immigrants evolved into two different societies. Shipping lists of immigrants showed a reason why the societies of the two areas evolved so differently. Document B shows the list of immigrants bound for New England. On the list, it shows that there are many families going to the New World. In contrast, Document C shows that most of the immigrants bound for Virginia were young men. Only about ten out of the one hundred were women. This means that the societies that were set up in the different regions had different values and priorities. The men in the New England colony had women and children to care for. The men in the Chesapeake Bay region were more focused on money.

Economically, coming to the New World had opened up many new opportunities. People who had money were given a lot more then people who did not. "Those of us who had money, spare clothes, credit to give bills of payment, gold rings and fur were welcome to purchase other supplies." Most of those who settled in the Chesapeake Bay region had come to make money. In the southern climate, they were able to grow tobacco and make money by exporting it. They prospered through a planting based economy. This kind of economy also meant that they depended on slaves more than those in New England. The settlers in the New England region concentrated on shipping. They had a more manufacturing based economy. This difference in economies was another reason...
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