SECTION #3019 – CHAPTER 11
1. What are the differences between the 5 stage model of team development and the Punctuated Equilibrium Model?
5-stage model suggest it takes 5 steps to create an effective team. 1. Forming – members are acquainted and understand scope of project. Establish ground rules and interpersonal relationships. Team is ready to begin when they think of themselves as “part of a group”. 2. Storming – member accepts they are part of project group but resist constraints that are put on their individuality. 3. Norming – group develops cohesiveness and establishes common set of expectations about how they should work together. 4. Performing – team is functional and accepted
5. Adjourning – team prepares for disbandment. High performance in no longer priority.
The other model Punctuated Equilibrium, suggest there are no steps, just 2 phases during research. Phase 1 revealed each group begins with a unique approach to accomplishing it’s project that is set in the first meeting and includes behavior and roles, at this point Phase 2, a major transition, which is dropping old behavior for new occurs. The last meeting is marked by accelerated activity to complete project.
2. What are the elements of an effective project vision? Why are they important? 1. A vision is worthless if it only resides in someone’s head 2. A vision must be challenging but realistic
3. Project Managers must believe in the vision
4. It should be a source of inspiration to others.
A shared vision is important because it inspires members to give their best effort. It ‘ unites professionals with different backgrounds and agendas to a common inspiration. It helps motivate members to subordinate their individual agendas and do what is best for project. It provides focus and fosters commitment to the long term and discourages expedient responses that...