The differences between Modernism and Post Modernism are vast; in fact Post Modernism was a direct reaction to the strict rules set by early modernist. In my essay I will discuss both movements and outline the main differences between both. Modernism was a cultural movement established in many areas like art, literature and architecture in the 20th century. The expression applies to a revolutionary group of designers who forged a new style, which was different from the previous Victorian Era. It is characterised in architecture with the use of minimal forms, absence of ornamentation and the use of new pure materials. Subsequently Post Modernism was a reaction to or rejection of modernism. The term was coined in 1949 with the dissatisfaction of modernism. Post modernist architecture is mostly recognised with the return of ornamentation, complexity of design and the combining of various historical styles. Modernism was a new architectural style that materialized in the decades after the First World War. Modernism was influenced by the Enlightenment and a social and political revolution; it was driven by the accessibility of new building technologies such as iron, concrete and glass, and progress in technologies and engineering. A reaction to the extravagant style of the Victorian era was also a contributing factor to modernism. Modernism is characterised by the removal of ornamental details, an emphasis on function and a simplification of form. It was established with the realistic use of modern materials, such as metal glass and concrete, and a rebellion against traditional or historical styles, while still using factory made parts. It was coined as the International Style in 1932 at the MOMA Exhibition. This International Exhibition of Modern Architecture identified the common trends in this approach to architecture and consolidating them together as one common “style”.
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• Mies Van der Rohe • Le Corbusier •Frank Lloyd Wright
The pioneering architects of Modernism are widely regarded as Le Corbusier, Mies Van Der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright and Walter Gropuis. Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius were both directors of the Bauhaus, which sought to reunite craft tradition and industrial technology. Mies Van der Rohe strived for clarity and simplify in his buildings, with free flowing spaces and minimal framework, while he used modern materials such as steel and glass for his exterior spaces. He is known for his famous aphorism “Less is More.” (1) Le Corbusier was committed to providing better city living conditions and renowned for many icon buildings throughout his career. Frank Lloyd Wrights career greatly influenced modernists, he inspired both Gropuis and Van der Rohe careers, however he refused to be associated with them. These architects wanted to move away from conventional architecture and create buildings that were minimal and unornamented. They utilized glass for façade, steel for exterior reinforcements and concrete for floor and interior support. There designs were both practical and logical. Modernism prevailed in commercial buildings such as schools and instituted; however it was not as widespread in residential buildings. The style was most apparent in sky scrapers, such as The Seagram Building designed by Mies Van der Rohe and interior by Philip Johnson and The Lever House designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP with Gordon Bunshaft as head designer. The lever House is 24 stories high; however the heavy appearance of previous skyscraper was solved in this building by the use of tinted, green curtain glass which was separated by stainless steel. The building was set back 30m which provided the building with large amounts of light and air. A typical example of a Modernist Building
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•The Lever House • Villa Savoye...