French and Polish Constitutions
Nowadays we are all aware of the fact, that the Constitution is the major document in any country. All the rights and duties of all citizens of the country are prescribed there, as well as the complete general structure of the governing forces and major policies of the state. The first Constitutions of Poland and France were signed in the same year – 1791 and had really a lot of aspects in common. At the same time the two Constitutions of Poland and France still were more different than similar to each other. Further we are going to present a brief study of the main articles of these constitutions and their social and political meanings for both countries. First of all it is necessary to mention, that both constitutions were a real historical break through, as creating a constitution is already a remarkable step in development of any country and rather innovative one. By the end of the eighteenth century Poland seemed to be a rather democratic country in comparison to its neighbors. The kings of the country were elected and the parliament of the country already had the legislative authorities. However the executive and legislative powers were still very far from modern understanding. Actually the liberum veto in Poland gave the possibility to any deputy to stop passing of legislation and thus the government of the country proved to be rather ineffective among the other foreign governments, like that of Russia or Prussia. Realization of this fact pushed the Sejm – the parliament of Poland – to start reconsideration of constitutional conventions and making the necessary reforms in the Constitution of the country. As a result the Constitution of 1791 was signed by King Stanislaw August Poniatowski. Running a few steps forward we have to mention, that this Constitution had actually not fulfilled its actual objections and never was able to provide political and social liberties.
Almost the same situation was with the first written...
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