How do the perspectives of the Resource-Based-View and the Relational View differ in general and with respect to interorganizational cooperation?
The Resource-Based-View (RBV) and the Relational View are two insights on firms creating sustainted competitive advantage. This sustained competive advantage occurs when a value creating strategy is not implementable by competitors and other firms are unable to duplicate the benfits of the strategy. In order to distinguish between the perspectives of the Resource-Based-View and the Relational View it is important to have a clear definition of both concepts. The basic principle upon which the Resource Based View builds, is related to the idea that firms are heterogeneous in terms of the resources they possess or control (Reed and DeFillipi, 1990). The resources a firm posesses or control enable it to conceive and implement strategies that improve effectiveness and efficiency (Barney, 1991). In order to create sustained competitive advantage, resources need to be rare, valuable, nonsubstitutable, and difficult to imitate. Competitive advantage in the RBV, focuses on resources that are housed within the organization (Dyer and Singh, 1998). The Relational View is based on the idea that organizations that combine resources in unique ways may realize an advantage over firms who are unable to do so (Dyer and Singh, 1998). The Relational View focuses on network routines and processes for understanding competive advantage. According to Dyer and Singh (1998), this competitive advantage is possible when alliance partners combine, exchange or invest in assets, knowlege, and capabilites and also employ effective governance mechanisms. These mechanisms are in combination with cultures, critical in creating appropriate incentives for knowledge sharing, and therefore in creating complementary competitive advantage. The Relational View complements the RBV by arguing that a firms boundaries can be spanned. Furthermore, it incurs...
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