Difference of Ideals between 19th and 20th Centuries
There are many ideals that occurred over the 19th and 20th centuries. These ideals covered many genres of music from piano music, orchestral pieces, to operas. The composers of these times tried many different techniques and styles making a lasting impression on the Romantic era of music.
Some of the most influential composers during the 19th century that we discussed were Franz Schubert, Hector Berlioz, Frederic Chopin, Felix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Carl Weber, Richard Wagner, Gioachino Rossini, Giuseppe Verdi, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Anton Bruckner, Modest Mussorgsky, and Peter Tchaikovsky. Schubert composed in all genres but the concerto. He was best known for his ideal in writing over 600 lieder! His harmonic innovations and melodic developments are shown in many of his genres including character pieces, song cycles, ballads, and chamber works. Berlioz was considered very progressive for his time. He was known for his orchestral works because he focused on developing the symphonic form, utilized great instrumentation in some of his works, and tied programmatic and literary ideas together. He introduced the concert overtures and programmatic symphonies. Chopin’s compositions were all for piano and very expressive. He was known for his innovations in the ballade, sonata, waltz, mazurka, and nocturne. Mendelssohn composed many works including symphonies, oratorios, piano works, and chamber music. He wanted to move the music past the classical style and bring it closer to his time. Schumann also composed many genres which included pieces for piano, piano and orchestra, and piano and voice. He uses intense musical expressivity and took careful care on his musical illustrations. Weber and Wagner contributed to the accomplishments of the 19th century German opera. Weber paved the way for many 20th century composers. He started the more up-to-date romantic opera and the...
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