According to Theo Haimann, “Administration means overall determination of policies, setting of major objectives, the identification of general purposes and laying down of broad programmes and projects”. It refers to the activities of higher level. It lays down basic principles of the enterprise. According to Newman, “Administration means guidance, leadership & control of the efforts of the groups towards some common goals”. Whereas, management involves conceiving, initiating and bringing together the various elements; coordinating, actuating, integrating the diverse organizational components while sustaining the viability of the organization towards some pre-determined goals. In other words, it is an art of getting things done through & with the people in formally organized groups. The difference between Management and Administration can be summarized under 2 categories: - 1.
Usage / Applicability
On the Basis of Functions: -
Management is an art of getting things done through others by directing their efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals.
It is concerned with formulation of broad objectives, plans & policies. Nature
Management is an executing function.
Administration is a decision-making function. Process
Management decides who should as it & how should he dot it.
Administration decides what is to be done & when it is to be done. Function
Management is a doing function because managers get work done under their supervision.
Administration is a thinking function because plans & policies are determined under it. Skills
Technical and Human skills
Conceptual and Human skills Level
Middle & lower level function
Top level function
On the Basis of Usage: -
It is applicable to business concerns i.e. profit-making organization.
It is applicable to non-business concerns i.e. clubs, schools, hospitals etc. Influence
The management decisions are...
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