Classical management is a theory that emphasized greater workforce productivity. It can be understood by examining scientific management and classical organizational theory. The scientific management approach emphasized empirical research for developing a comprehensive management solution. Scientific management is that the manager is primarily responsible for increasing an organization's productivity, and its principles are to be applied by managers in a very specific fashion. Classical organizational Theory is concentrated on top-level managers and how they dealt with the everyday problems of managing the entire organization. Its major purpose was to develop basic principles that could guide the design, creation, and maintenance of large organizations, and to identify the basic functions of managing organizations. Classical management philosophers Frederick Winslow Taylor (scientific management) and Henri Fayol (Classical organizational theory) influenced the evolution of management.
Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) called the father of scientific management believed that management’s primary objective would be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer and each employee. His system broke up industrial production into very small and highly regulated steps and required that workers obey the instructions of managers concerning the proper way to perform these very specific steps. His contributions to scientific management included 4 principles 1. Replace the rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study 2. Scientifically select, train, and develop each worker rather than passively leaving them to train themselves 3. Cooperate with the workers to ensure that the scientifically developed methods are being followed 4. Divide work nearly equally between managers and workers, so that the managers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and the workers actually perform the task. According to article in...
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