Name of HerbTherapeutic UseScientific Studies That Show Efficacy for Any of the Therapeutic UsesCautions and Warnings or Side Effects GlucosamineGlucosamine is used in the treatment of-
of Health, 2011).
Lee, Woo, Choi, Ji, and Song, (2010) through a meta-analysis study examined the effect of glucosamine on osteoarthritis progress. Study findings concluded that glucosamine can delay the natural progression of the disease.Safe for short-term use. •Can cause bloating, gas, and cramps
•May raise blood sugars in diabetics
•May cause allergic reactions if a person is sensitive to shellfish •Do not use if pregnant of have asthma
•May interact with medications including coumadin, and diabetic medication (NIH, 2011).
EchinaceaEchinacea is used in the treatment and prevention of- •Colds and flu
•Stimulates the immune system
•Less commonly used for wounds, and skin problems (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine [NCCAM], 2011).
Shah, Sander, White, Rinaldi, and Coleman (2007) performed a meta-analysis study involving 14 previous studies to evaluate the effect echinacea had on the common cold. The results of this study showed that by taking echinacea ir reduced one's chance of developing the cold by 58% and reduced the duration of the cold. •Allergic reactions, rashes, induces asthma, anaphylaxis, and gastrointestinal problems •Should be avoided in individuals who are allergic to plants in the daisy family, and in individuals with asthma and atopy (NCCAM, 2011).
GarlicGarlic is used therapeutically in the treatment of-
•Prevent cancers such as stomach and colon cancer
(NCCAM, 2011).Fleischauer and Lenore (2001) on reviewing numerous studies published epidemiologic evidence showing that garlic possesses potential anticarcinogens that inhibit neoplastic growth in the stomach and in the colon.Raw garlic can cause- •Breath and body odor
Garlic may also-
•Reduces the ability of the blood to clot
•Can interfere with the effectiveness of certain drugs such as saquinavir (used in the treatment of HIV) (NCCAM, 2011).
GingerGinger is used therapeutically in the treatment of-
•Stomach aches, nausea, and diarrhea in Asian medicine
•In the United States it is found in numerous digestive, antinausea, and cold/flu dietary supplements •Used to alleviate nausea resulting from surgery, pregnancy, chemotherapy, and caused by motion •Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, joint, and muscle pain (NCCAM, 2011).
Evaluation of double blind randomized controlled trials studying the effectiveness of ginger to relieve nausea and vomiting in pregnancy concluded that ginger was a safe and effective treatment for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (Walling, 2005).If ginger is taken in small doses side effects are minimal. Most common side effects reported include- •Gas
•Nausea (associated with ginger in powder form)
Ginkgo bilobaGinkgo is used therapeutically in the treatment of- •Asthma
•Improve memory (Alzheimers and dementia)
•To decrease intermittent claudication
•Treat sexual dysfunction
A multivariate analysis of a case control study of 1462 elderly woman over the age of 75 concluded that women who took ginkgo biloba were less at risk of developing alzheimers or dementia (Andrieu, Gillette, Amouyal, & Nourhasheim, 2003).Side effects include - •Headache
•Allergic skin reactions
•Effects blood clotting
•Raw and roasted ginkgo seeds can cause seizures and death (NCCAM, 2011).
KavaKava is used therapeutically to-