Dieases of Affluance

Topics: Obesity, Hypertension, Nutrition Pages: 4 (1535 words) Published: April 29, 2013
Nutritional diseases related to affluence

A person's health is his most precious asset. Good health allows you to fully participate in work and social activities. Your abilities become severely impaired when disease enters your life, whether it is for a short time or over an indefinite period. Diseases of affluence, which are sometimes also called 'lifestyle diseases', are generally non-communicable and thought to result from increasing wealth and ease of life. There are a number of reasons why affluence brings ill-health. One of the most important is lack of exercise. People in tertiary sector jobs are desk-bound and commute long distances by car or public transport, rather than walk. Longer hours and longer distances to commute also mean less time to cook healthy food. Fast food or convenience food, the consumption of much more food than can be used, and less movement all set people up for obesity, high blood pressure, and general poor fitness. Obesity in particular is thought to increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and some kinds of cancer. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. People are considered as obese when their body mass index (BMI) exceeds 30 kg/m2; this increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, and certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and asthma. There are a variety of factors that play a role in obesity. This makes it a complex health issue to address, genes, metabolism, physiological factors, hormones, Eating habits, Lifestyle, Exercise habits, Life changes i.e. controlling your weight after pregnancy, and Surroundings may have an effect in causing people to be overweight and obese. This increases the risk of Coronary heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon),...
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