Did the Legacy of the 1848 Revolutions Play a Major Part in the Eventual Unification of Italy, Explain Your Answer?

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Did the legacy of the 1848 revolutions play a major part in the eventual unification of Italy, explain your answer?

The legacy of the 1848 revolutions undoubtedly played some part in the eventual unification of Italy however the importance of their role is questionable, as the revolutions had both a positive and negative effect on unification of Italy. Other factors also contributed to Italy’s eventual unification, some, perhaps more so than the revolutions, these factors included the strength and skill of leaders within Italy, fighting for unification and the actions of other countries, especially France and Prussia who both, separately helped Italy and enabled her to move towards eventual unification.

The revolutions, throughout the Italian peninsula in 1848 had some success and some failures however the legacy they created certainly helped Italy towards eventual unification. One part of his legacy was the hope that nationalists were given. Many of the revolutionaries were successful, with the absolute rulers granting constitutions, including Ferdinand in Naples, the Grand duke of Tuscany in Tuscany, a provisional government in Moderna and Parma and in Piedmont. These constitutions were an important result of the revolutions for two main reasons, the nationalists were given hope as this showed if revolutionaries fought hard enough they could achieve their aims, therefore nationalist were given hope to believe they could bring about the eventual unification of Italy which inspired them to work harder for it. The success in getting these constitutions was two fold, as well as giving hope and inspiration to nationalists these constitutions meant that more people could have a say in the way the country was run for example the Statuto in Piedmont stated that one part of the parliament, the lower house, could be voted for by the public, although only 2.5% of the population could vote this was more than before and so gave nationalists a greater say in the way in the way there state was run meaning that they could steer their state towards unification, in this way the legacy of the 1848 revolutions played some part in the eventual unification of Italy. Another success of the revolutions was the roman republic, this was established by the Constituente, who met in February 1849, this was a particularly important legacy that aided the eventual unification of Italy, as although the republic fell in June of the same year, representatives from all of Italy had met for the first time showing that Italy was getting closer to eventual unification as men from different states had met for the benefit of Itlay. Another part of the legacy, which played some part in the eventual unification of Italy, was the violence faced by revolutionaries at the hands of the Austrians and the way this was dealt with. In Lombardy and Venetia Austrians were militarily strong, killing 61 people in putting down riots but due to the revolutions enough force was acquired to push the Austrian garrison under Radetzky out of Milan and the Austrians were forced from Venice in march. The legacy left by the treatment of the Austrians was also one of hope, Italians including nationalists saw that Austrian influence could be removed from Italy, seeing this would prove to many that Italy could be united as it was possible to remove the foreign power that stood in the way of unification, this realisation encouraged people to fight more against the Austrians thus helping the cause for eventual unification in Italy. Moreover the 1848 revolutions assisted Italy’s eventual unification as a very important legacy of these revolutions was the fact that some states were united dkghfkjghfdjhkdfhhgfjhf this showed that unification was possible and gave nationalists hope to continue fighting for a completely united Italy therefore the legacy of 1848 revolutions helped the eventual unification as it meant nationalists continued to work for his goal.

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