* A form of government in which absolute and total power is concentrated in a dictator (usually one person be it military or otherwise or one political party). * Defined as an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by an individual. * A government controlled by one person, or a small group of people. In this form of government the power rests entirely on the person or group of people, and can be obtained by force or by inheritance. The dictators may also take away much of its peoples' freedom. * A dictatorship is a form of government that has the power to govern without consent of those being governed (similar to authoritarianism), while totalitarianism describes a state that regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior of the people. Totalitarian
* A political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspect of public and private life. The concept of totalitarianism was first devel9oped on a positive sense in the 1920’s by Italian Fascists. The Concept became prominent in western anti-communist political discourse during the Cold War Era, In order to highlight perceived similarities between Nazi Germany and other fascist regimes on one hand and Soviet communism on the other. * A term to describe modern regimes in which the state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior. * Leaders of a totalitarian state attempt to get the entire population to support the official state ideology, and are intolerant of activities that are not directed towards the goal of the state.
Social and economic conditions allowed the development of dictatorships * The political unrest and poor economic conditions that developed after World War I enabled dictatorships to arise in several countries, especially in those countries that lacked a tradition of democratic government. * During the 1920's and 1930's, dictatorships came to power in the Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, and Japan. They held total power and ruled without regard to law. * The dictatorships used terror and secret police to crush opposition to their rule. * People who objected to the ruling party or leader risked imprisonment or execution. Nazism
* Is the name given to a political ideology and subsequent of Adolf Hitler, which ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945, although Nazism is often called “Fascism”, it does differ from fascism today and from the fascism of Mussolini’s regime in Italy around the same time. Nazism’s main point of emphasis was racial superiority of the “Aryan” people. The annihilation of the Jews, seen as racially inferior, the aggressive foreign policy, especially in relation to East European countries, seen as genetically inferior and the importance of the “Fuehrer”(Hitler) as the head of state. * Nazism is a variety of fascism that incorporates biological racism and anti-Semitism. * Nazism is developed from the influence of pan-German, the far-right fascist Volkisch german nationalist movement and the anti-communist Freikorps paramilitary culture which fought against the communist in post-world War I in Germany. * It was designed to draw workers away from communism and into Volkisch nationalism. * Major elements of Nazism have been describe as far-right such as allowing domination of society by people deemed racially superior while purging society of people declared inferior, who were said to be a threat to national survival. * Both the Nazi party and the Nazi-led state were organized under the Fuhrer principle(“leader principle), a pyramidal structure with the Fuhrer Adolf Hitler at the top who appointed subordinate leaders for all branches of the party and the states
Dictators coming to Power
* In Italy, economic distress after WWI led to strikes and riots. Because of the violence, a strongly nationalistic group called the Fascist Party gained many...