RE: DIARRHOEAL DISEASE AND MALNUTRION IN HAITI
Haiti has the highest child mortality rate in the world, largely due to diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition that stems from poor water quality. Children in Haiti are so susceptible to early death because of the poor economic and political state of our country. Further, the lack of education and access to proper health care has accentuated this problem. As a country, we must find proven, cost-effective methods of prevention to combat this serious problem. Why are diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition important problems in Haiti?
Haitians have some of the most contaminated water in the world. Approximately 70% of the urban population and 51% of the rural population have access to potable water1. Further, roughly 29% of the urban population and 12% of the rural population have access to proper sanitation1. This lack of appropriate sanitation has led to the contamination of safe water with human waste. The use of unsafe water is one of the chief causes for diarrhoeal disease, malaria and other such fatal diseases1. Diarrhoeal disease is the leading cause of mortality in children under the age of five2. This greatly affects our country because we have the highest child mortality rate as 8% of children under the age of will die1. Who is affected by diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition?
Diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition affect the majority of the Haitian population; however children are the most directly affected. Diarrhoeal disease and malnutrition make up 12.1% and 9.1% respectively, of the deaths of infants and children in Haiti1. Approximately 64% of our population lives in rural areas3. The children of the rural population have the highest risk of developing these medical problems as they live in the poorest areas. The majority of the population is either unemployed and/or living below the poverty line4. This level of poverty equates to the inability to provide safe living conditions for children...
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