Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (Dsm)

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Diagnostic and statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM), published by American Psychiatric Association, is the most comprehensive and authoritative book devoted to the standard classification of psychiatric illness used by mental health professional in the United States and other countries. It is used by clinician, insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, policy makers and researches of many different orientations such as biological, psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral and interpersonal. It is also designed for use across settings, inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, clinic, private practice, and primary care, and with community population. It is also popular among psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, occupational and rehabilitation therapists, counselors, and other health and mental health professionals. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-I) was first published in 1952, by the American Psychiatric Association. It had 106 categories of different mental disorders. It was developed from an earlier classification system adopted in 1918 to meet the need of the federal Bureau of the Census for uniform statistics form psychiatric hospitals. The DSM-II was published in 1968. Both DSM-I and DSM-II was strongly influenced by the psychodynamic approach. There was no sharp distinction between normal and abnormal, and all disorders were considered reactions to environmental events. When the first draft of DSM-III was prepared, many new categories of disorder were introduced. As soon as the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) conducted the reliability of the new diagnosis, a controversy emerged regarding deletion of the concept of neurosis. In spite of all these, the DSM-III was published in 1980 listing 265 diagnostic categories. With publish of DSM-III, the psychodynamic view was abandoned and the medical models become the primary approach, introducing a clear distinction between normal and abnormal. In...
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