Diabetes Health Campaign
Diabetes Health Campaign
The United States has become known as a fast food society so it is no wonder that the increase of incidences related to chronic diseases have increased. Most Americans spend their time working longer hours and spend less time working out. Healthy People 2020 identify health issues and create health objectives associated with health issues. Diabetes is also referred to as Diabetes Mellitus and has three types: Type one, Type two, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes impacts an enormous portion of the population as well as having detrimental effects on health. Federal, state, and local governments continually assess how to address this growing health issue. “Diabetes affects an estimated 23.6 million people in the United States and is the seventh leading cause of death” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2013). The prevalence of diabetes is expected to continue to rise so creating goals, objectives, and educational forums that are easily accessible to the diabetic populations is critical for reducing the incidence. What is Diabetes?
Diabetes “occurs when the body cannot produce or respond appropriately to insulin. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to absorb and use glucose (sugar) as fuel for the body’s cells” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2013). When blood glucose levels elevate and remain elevated then other body systems are adversely affected. Type one diabetes is when the body cannot produce insulin resulting in life-long insulin injections. Type two diabetes is when the body becomes resistant or loses the ability to produce insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy and can be a precursor to type two diabetes later in life. Prevalence and Cost of Diabetes
According to the American Diabetes Association, there are 18.8 million people diagnosed with diabetes, seven million undiagnosed, 79 million patients that are prediabetic, and one point nine million new cases of diabetes diagnosed in people under twenty years old. “Average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were two point three times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes” (American Diabetes Association, 2013). Local, State, and Federal Management of Diabetes
The Tacoma Pierce County Health Department (TPCD) is a local community source for information obtained regarding diabetes. “Diabetes exacts a large and growing toll on the people of Pierce County. About 38,000 adults are currently estimated to be diagnosed with diabetes and about 18,000 more have type 2 diabetes but don’t know it” (Pulos, 2006, p. 4). TPCD monitors and analyzes diabetes as well as the population affected by the disease. In Pierce County, there is no specific portion of the population affected by this disease it is found to affect the entire population. “Although diabetes care is costly, there is little evidence that economic barriers play a major role in disease management” (Pulos, 2006, p. 4). Goals for diabetic education are primary prevention, early detection and treatment, and prevention of complications related to diabetes. Primary prevention is described as optimal weight management and other lifestyle modifications that are beneficial. Early detection and treatment is a challenge at times because symptoms can be vague or similar to other medical diagnoses. Prevention of diabetic complications includes education about retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy. Public Health is managed and addressed through the coordination of local, state and federal levels. Federal levels include national associations that regulate and govern public health to assist with disease management as well as setting goals and objectives. According to Landrum, Beitsch, Turnoch, & Handler (2008), The National Public Health Performance Standards (NPHPS) program is a CDC-led...
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