Type 2 diabetes can be described a one of the most common forms of diabetes that exists today. It need to be understood that what happens to an individual when he suffers from type 2 diabetes is that he would not be able to produce enough insulin, which is needed for the body in order to be able to use sugar effectively, or perhaps his cells would ignore the insulin that his body is producing. It would help to remember the important fact that it is sugar that provides energy for the body, and unless the sugar is absorbed and taken in to the body and to the blood and thereafter to the cells by the insulin, the individual would suffer from glucose build up. This can be extremely dangerous for the person, who is stated to be suffering from the dreaded Type 2 diabetes. Two major problems are caused by the disorder: the cells may become starved for energy, as the energy is not processed in a proper manner. On the other hand, the higher levels of blood glucose may end up harming the internal organs of the person, causing great irreversible damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. (American Diabetes Association, 2007a)
Immediately after one has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, one cannot help but feel a sense of panic, but the fact is that the disease is easily manageable and people with diabetes have lived full and healthy lives, without any major complications, provided they manage the disease well. The generally prescribed goals for a diabetic patient would be 80 to 120 before meals, while a level of 140 could mean an impending danger. Experts state that exercise may be one of the most effective means of minimizing the risk of type 2 diabetes complications. (Valentine; Biermann; Toohey, 1998) A proper diet, leading to an optimum weight is also very important in diabetes management, and it is an undeniable fact that obesity would cause several risks to one’s health, chiefly among them being cardio vascular disease, risk for blood pressure, and diabetes. (Ezrin; Kowalski, 1999)
The link between type 2 diabetes and heart disease is close indeed. Statistics show that almost two out of three people with diabetes die due to heart diseases, because of the simple fact that people with diabetes are at risk for developing coronary heart diseases, which are caused by a narrowing of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. The risks however can be lowered significantly if the individual were able to keep the ‘ABC’s’ of his diabetes on target, thereby preventing the complications that accompany the disease. While ‘A’ stands for A-1-C, which refers to the blood sugar test with a ‘memory’, in which one’s average diabetes or sugar levels are kept recorded to be available whenever necessary. According to the American Diabetes Association, it would be best for a diabetic to maintain an A-1-C average of about 7. (American Diabetes Association, 2007b) An individual’s blood pressure is an indication of the force of blood inside the blood vessels. This means that when the pressure of blood is high, the heart would have to pump that much harder to cope with the additional burden, and the ADA recommends an optimum blood pressure level of about 130/80 mmHg. Cholesterol on the other hand, reveals to the individual the amount of fat that he is carrying in his blood. While HDL cholesterol would help protect the heart, LDL cholesterol would lead to a clogging of one’s blood vessels, leading to heart disease. When the A, Band C are kept within the prescribed parameters, a type 2 diabetic patient would not have any difficulty in managing his disease well, and he would therefore be able to lead a life of which he remains in control at any given time. (American Diabetes Association, 2007b) Type 2 diabetes can be managed through a variety of different treatments: pharmacological as well as non-pharmacological. However, it may be up to the patient to help himself with self care, so that his disease remains under control, and so that...
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