Sac 3 – Research Task and Written Report
“Health Issues Facing Australia’s Youth”
1. Describe the health issue
When people eat more calories than they burn off, their bodies store the extra calories as fat. When people keep up a pattern of eating more calories than they burn, more and more fat builds up in their bodies. Eventually, the body gets to a point where the amount of body fat can have a negative effect on a person's health. Doctors use the terms "overweight" or "obese" to describe when someone is at greatest risk of developing weight-related health problems.
2. Explain why it is an issue for youth.
It is now a big issue for youth to be overweight or even obese. In the last 30 years the prevalence of childhood obesity has more than doubled among children ages 2-5, it has tripled among youth ages 6-11, and has more than tripled among adolescents ages 12-19. The latest data suggest that being overweight and obese is having a greater effect on minorities.
3. Discuss relevant statistics in relation to the selected issue An estimated 1.5 million people under the age 18 are considered overweight or obese. This means about 20-25% of Australian children are overweight or obese. The proportion of overweight or obese children in Australian is increasing at an fast rate. Children are now getting less aerobic exercise. The amount of aerobic fitness is decreasing about 0.4% a year. 50% of obese adolescents continue to be obese as adults.
4. Explain how the issue can impact on the physical mental and social health of youth Physical: Obese people are less physically active because it's not only more difficult to move around, it's embarrassing to change in the change rooms. Many obese people don't feel comfortable in fitness classes because of their size and shape. This lack of physical activity can cause depression and anxiety. Mental: an obese teenager can feel sad or depressed as they are not happy with their appearance. They could be feeling...
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