September 29, 2014NUR/408
The following analysis of diabetes is intended to show the role of epidemiology in the surveillance and prevention of diabetes within the African American community. The examination defines and shows the purpose of epidemiology as well as the tools utilized in the study of the disease. This includes the epidemiological triangle which assists in outlining the levels of prevention for diabetes within the African American community. Diabetes is a serious problem in the African American community. According to Bailey(2007) diabetes is considered the fifth leading cause of death for African Americans between the ages of 45 and 64. The diabetes problem is also the third leading cause of death for individuals over the age of 65 (Bailey, 2007, p. 1). The seriousness of these statistics shows that diabetes is a disease requiring significant attention in the African American community. Epidemiological studies are needed in order to direct healthcare in the African American community and to provide effective interventions designed to reducing the prevalence and incidence rates of diabetes amongst African Americans. Definition and Purpose of Study
The purpose of epidemiology is to study disease and as a tool for community health. It performs this function through a series of steps: Search for determinants- A search for causes and factors that influence public health such as disease or high risk behaviors such as drug use. Study of events- Health related states or events need to be studied, such as chronic diseases, injuries, birth defects, maternal-child health, occupational health, environmental health, and behaviors. Control of disease-Using data from determinants and events, conclusions can be drawn to stop or control the disease. Application of data- The epidemiological data can be applied to community health and can be used to deter, prevent, and educate the community against further issues (UAB, 2012) The...
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