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According to Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret, there are a few data on insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion on the effort of preventing diabetes and developing glucose intolerance (2). People with glucose tolerance problems should diet and participate in exercise for about three hours per week, in order to lower the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle changes can reduce the onset of diabetes by nearly 60%, if a patient would lower his or her calorie, start a low-fat diet, and do aerobic exercise (Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret 78). Slim people benefit more from exercise than obese people. However, dieting and exercising help reduce the incidence of diabetes in both slim and obese people. Exercise is very important in preventing and managing type 2 diabetes. All in all, a person should exercise and watch what he or she eats in order to help prevent diabetes (Chiasson and Rabasa-Lhoret 80). According to Whittemore, Bak, Melkus, and Grey, a lifestyle change is the main way that a person can manage his or her obesity, alone with other treatment options, such as a very low-calorie diet, and weight-loss surgery (341). Overweight and obesity are the main causes of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, gall bladder disease, osteoarthritis and lung cancer. Changing lifestyle and losing weight can reduce the risk of developing many of these health problems (Whittemore, Bak, Melkus and Grey 342). A person living with a chronic illness must become responsible for his or her own self- management. Knowledge and skills are necessary for a person to perform self care, make daily decisions on his or her own, and engage in lifestyle living that will benefit his or her health. A person should also be informed before taking programs, such as: A diabetes education program and weight loss program that the programs take work, such as time, energy and effort. During a lifestyle change encouragement from family members, professional support and...
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