February 11, 2007
“Types of Diabetes” talks about three different types of diabetes categories that a diabetic patient could be classified as. They are Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. It also gives information on what causes the different types of diabetes and who is at risk of developing the disease.
“Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), which is an autoimmune disease.” (Nathan, 2004, p. 6) A patient that has Type 1 diabetes has to have insulin injections on a daily basis because the immune system has turned against its own insulin producing beta cells.
Type 2 has a combination of abnormalities. “The first is probably insulin resistance, a condition in which the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin.” (Nathan) This can cause the body to produce more insulin to maintain a normal metabolism. Even though the body has become insulin resistant, it didn’t get that way by itself. The pancreas started pumping out more insulin when the cell wouldn’t respond.
Gestational Diabetes usually occurs in pregnant women who are between 24 and 28 weeks. “Hormones produced by the placenta that hinder the action of the mother’s insulin probably trigger it.” (Nathan) This has a tendency to make the babies larger and in turn cause complications for the mother and baby during delivery.
It has also been suggested that “diseases or chemicals that damage or destroy the pancreas” (Nathan) could cause diabetes. “Examples include pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, and hemochromatosis, a disorder in which excessive amounts of iron accumulate the pancreas and other organs.” (Nathan)
The reference article “Risk factors and warning signs of diabetes” gives information on what type of risks and warnings you can use to see if you could be a candidate for diabetes. Type 2 diabetes has more common risk...