Concepts of the consumer in the law:
a) The nature of the change from a rural subsistence society to urban mass-consumption/production society:
Economic structure of society | Effect on role of State |
rural subsistence: - produced own goods-used bartering system; close knit | laissez-faire:-state, minimal involvement; market resolved dispute w/out reference to higher authoritycaveat emptor:-“buyer beware” little customer could do to redress mistreatment |
industrial revolution:- urbanisation-depersonalised; goods produced by /companies didn’t know, easier for consumers to be misled/sold defective goods | -evident that laissez-faire & caveat emptor didn’t provide adequate protection laws gradually developed that prevented unfair business practicesfactories & shops act 1912:-dealt w/ deceptive/misleading advertisingsales of goods act 1923:-goods should be of merchantable quality donoghue v stevenson (1932):-manufactures have duty to consumers to provide goods of certain quality |
post WWII:-intro of large retail chains-due to tech (cinema, radio, phone, tv) ads & use of credit; exposed to new hazards-harsh credit arrangmnts | hire purchase agreement act 1941 (NSW) |
1960s:-protection of consumers, now matter of concern to ordinary | -self-help consumer movement developed-led to: -est of consumer groups: Aust Cons Association (1959), Int’l Org of Cons Unions (1960) -int’l reg of cons rts -more extensive laws, Trade Practices Act 1974 and Consumer Protection Act 1969 (NSW) |
Modern movement for consumer rights | Int’l consumer rights:right to:-safety -be informed -choose -be heard -satisfaction of basic needs -redress -consumer edu -healthy environment |
b) Contracts and terms implied by common law and statutes:
* Legally owns goods selling
* Goods sold by description = description... [continues]
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