AS 327 Socio 101TTH 6-7:30 pm
What is Social Change?
Social change, in sociology, the alteration of mechanisms within the social structure, characterized by changes in cultural symbols, rules of behaviour, social organizations, or value systems. Throughout the historical development of their discipline, sociologists have borrowed models of social change from other academic fields. In the late 19th century, when evolution became the predominant model for understanding biological change, ideas of social change took on an evolutionary cast, and, though other models have refined modern notions of social change, evolution persists as an underlying principle. Examples of Social Change:
6. Political and Legal Power
a) Elected officials:
Redistribution of wealth: income and property taxes. Today: Sales tax, tax “relief” Pass laws: affirmative action, ability to sue insurance companies, increase minimum wage (leads to change in unemployment, part-time employment, health insurance premiums and coverage) b) Unelected officials
corporate power (jobs, goods and services and cost of, culture, donations to political campaigns interlocking directorates, inner circle/power elite
a) Religious beliefs.
Rise of capitalism in U.S. due to religious beliefs and Protestant work ethic. Religious beliefs sometimes lead to revolution and civil wars which lead to new countries. b) Gender: names, jobs, welfare
c) Ideology often legitimizes inequality.
Rate at which populations adopt new goods and services. Much of the material in this chapter can be applied to marketing (celebrity drink milk campaigns), public health (birth control in less developed countries) 9. Acculturation
Examples: Asian Americans, American Indians (Lumbee vs. Cherokee) Can prevent social change by preventing acculturation – example, China and the Cultural Revolution; Afghanistan, Iraq 10. Evolution
What is Cultural Change?...