Deviant Behaviour in the Civil Services

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NAME: FARANA HOSEIN

ID#: 809004751

COURSE CODE AND TITLE: GOVT 3062
COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

DATE: 19TH MARCH, 2012.

ASSIGNMENT: USING CASE STUDIES IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS THE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR IN THE CIVIL SERVICES OF DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.

LECTURER: MAUKESH BASDEO

TABLE OF CONTENTS

BRIEF ABSTRACT ----------------------------------------------------------------- page 3

BACKGROUND OF STUDY -------------------------------------------------------- pages 4-8

LITERATURE REVIEW --------------------------------------------------------------- pages 9-13

ANALYTICAL DISCUSSION --------------------------------------------------------- pages 14-16

RECOMMENDATION / CONCLUSION -------------------------------------------- page 17

BIBLIOGRAPHY -------------------------------------------------------------------------- pages 18-20

BRIEF ABSTRACT
The research venture seeks to identify and discuss the factors contributing to deviant behavior in the civil services of developed and developing countries in the world. The study is directed toward an understanding of Public Administration and the corrupted systems that exist due to maladministration. The concern laid out a viable extraction of information that focuses on several nations outside the Commonwealth Caribbean and their history of administration together with the leading factors of deviance in the civil services. Criterion used to assess the intricacies of Public Maladministration and Bureaucratic Corruption includes: injustice, unreasonable delay, abuse of discretion, negligence, arrogance, disregarding morality, employing deception and justifying criminality, nepotism, bribes, fraud, and waste and abuse in government. Theoretical perspectives will be utilized to aid in the understanding of administrative systems of the bureaucratic corruption and the term maladministration. Cases from Africa, Latin America and Asia will be analyzed and discussed.

BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Comparative public administration is the “quest for patterns and regularities in administrative action and behavior”. Public Administration is a practice that is continually affecting our daily lives. It has “no generally accepted definition”, because the “scope of the subject is so great and so debatable that it is easier to explain than define”. Public Administration is “centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programmes as well as the behavior of officials (usually non-elected) formally responsible for their conduct”. The field is complex in nature due to the various sub-fields such as organizational theory, statistics, policy analysis, human resources, ethics, and budgeting. Woodrow Wilson – 1887, defined Public Administration as “the detailed and systematic execution of public law”. Therefore, it is the government’s responsibility to take rational action and manage human and capital resources to attain its goals. Wilson is known to be the father of Public Administration. He wrote an article entitled “The Study of Administration”, and stated that “it is the object of administrative study to discover, first, what government can properly and successfully do, and, secondly, how it can do these proper things with the utmost possible efficiency and at the least possible cost either of money or of energy”. He also wrote in 1887 four concepts in which he believed: * “Separation of politics and administration

* Comparative analysis of political and private organizations * Improving efficiency with business-like practices and attitudes toward daily operations * Improving the effectiveness of public service through management and by training civil servants, merit-based assessment”

Deviance, when looked at sociologically, describes actions or behaviors that violate social norms,...
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