E. W. Newlin
University of Phoenix
May 5, 2010
In developmental psychology, researchers describe the physical, emotional, and psychological stages of development while relating the specific issues involved in the stages, which can hinder proper development. Developmental psychology, also described as human development, is the scientific investigation of methodical psychological modifications that take place in humans in excess of the path of the average life span. Originally concerned with infants and young children, the field has extended to include adolescence, adult development, the aging, and the entire life span. This field of study scrutinizes adjustments across an extensive variety of subjects including motor skills and other psycho-physiological processes; cognitive development involving areas such as moral understanding, problem solving, and conceptual understanding; language acquisition; personality, social, and emotional development; and self-concept and distinctiveness formation. Developmental psychology consists of issues such as the extent to which development occurs through the gradual process of accretion of understanding in opposition to stage-like development, or the extent to which a child is born with natural psychological configuration versus learning through experience. Many researchers take interest in the dealings between personal characteristics, the individual's behavior, and environmental factors including the social context, and their impact on development; others take a more intently focused approach. At each stage of development come developmental tasks required of the person to meet physical and emotional needs. In this paper, the writer will discuss the influences on development from outside forces during the infancy, childhood, adolescent, adulthood, and senior stages.
Stepping-stones of physical development include playing with small toys, crawling, and... [continues]
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