Developmental Matrix

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Developmental Stages Matrix

|Developmental Stage |Physical changes |Cognitive changes |Socioemotional changes | |Infancy |Body weight doubles by the fourth month after birth and| |Crying and contentment | | |triples by their first birthday. |Sensory motor intelligence begins with six stages of |Smiling socially. | | |Height increases by a foot in first two years. |infant learning. |Laughter and feeling happy | | |Sleep becomes regular with dreaming decreasing. |Infants use their sensory and motor skills to adapt to |Responsive facial expressions such as full smiles. | | |Sleep patterns emerge. |the world around them. |Fear of sounds, and unexpected things such as animals, or | | |Sensory motor skills develop. |Object learning and understanding starts. |dogs. | | |Reflexes develop. |Information processing begins. |Self awareness begins. | | |Brain development begins in the motor cortex. |Depth perception or perception processing. |More emotional expressions occur such as embarrassment, | | |Muscle strength starts out in the infants legs. |Memory processes begin |shame, and pride. | | |The five senses are functional with hearing being |Language development begins with language processing. |Emotional feelings toward people. | | |superior to all other senses. |Infants can self teach. |Social maturation starts | | | |Communication occurs with pointing or babbling. |Separation anxiety | | | |Face recognition. |Fear of strangers. | |Early Childhood | | | | |Middle Childhood | | | | |Adolescence |Puberty begins with a hormonal signal from the |Egocentrism occurs – thinking more of themselves and |Identity – Who am I? | | |hypothalamus to the pituitary gland. |what others think. |Foreclosure – adopting values and customs of parents and | |...
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