Human Growth and Development
Activity 3: Chapter 18 Essay Questions
Explain Erik Erickson’s views on older adulthood
Erikson felt that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage is recovering from it. Perhaps that is because as older adults we can often look back on our lives with happiness and are content, feeling fulfilled with a deep sense that life has meaning and we've made a contribution to life, a feeling Erikson calls integrity. Our strength comes from a wisdom that the world is very large and we now have a detached concern for the whole of life, accepting death as the completion of life. On the other hand, some adults may reach this stage and despair at their experiences and perceived failures. They may fear death as they struggle to find a purpose to their lives, wondering "Was the trip worth it?" Alternatively, they may feel they have all the answers (not unlike going back to adolescence) and end with a strong dogmatism that only their view has been correct. Erickson maintained that some despair is inevitable. People need to mourn, not only their misfortunes and lost chances but for the vulnerability and transience of the human condition.
Describe some of the alternative housing arrangements available to elderly In developing countries, older adults typically live with adult children and grandchildren in multigenerational households, though this custom is declining. In developed countries, older people live alone or with a partner or spouse, or they have a wide range of options to choose from, including: Retirement hotel, apartment or hotel building remodeled to meet the needs of independent older adults. Typical hotels services available (maid service, message center, restaurants) are provided. Retirement Community, large, self-contained development with owned or rental units. Support services and recreational facilities are available. Foster-care home, owners of a single family...
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