What is memory?
Psychologists distinguish between two basis forms of memory. Recognition refers to the ability to notice that a stimulus is similar or identical to one previously experienced. Recall refers to the retrieval of some past event with is not perceptually present.
A study by Melzoff on infant memory tells us about infantile amnesia. Melzoff used deferred imitation to recall in memory. This involved imitation of a model observed some time in the past. Infants of 14 months were used. The first group watched and the second group watched and imitated. Both groups reproduced the actions on delays of 2 to 4 months, however the number of act reproduced wre significantly less then immediate recall. This study demonstrated recall memory can be deliberative. This same study was carried out with youger infants and it was found that the same result occurred.
In other study by Sumlock and Haynes carried out in 2003 it was found that when asked children( six graders) were unable to recall an event which happened only a few weeks earlier. It was found that young children could only remember parts of the event. In this study sixth graders were asked to tell what happened when they went to a museum when they were in kindergarten. They said less about the experience then when they were asked 6 weeks earlier.
Howevre in response to specific retrival cue such as picture sixth grader were able to remember a greater deal and in some respect their recal was more accurate.
Epsodic memory is memeory of many personal events such as when children remember its time for bed of daycare. Scripts are general of what occurs and when it occurs. Young childrens scripts begin as a structure of main acts(such with a 3yr old: goes to a restaurant: Description: says you go in and eat). Although children first scripts contain only a few acts they are almost often recall in a correct sequence. Even... [continues]
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(2009, 11). Developmental and Social Psychology. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 11, 2009, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Developmental-And-Social-Psychology-249975.html
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