Development Timeline (Birth to 19 Years)

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 4080
  • Published : January 28, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
TDA 2.1 (1.1)

DEVELOPMENTAL TIMELINE – FROM BIRTH TO NINETEEN YEARS
The time frames presented are averages and some children may achieve various developmental milestones earlier or later than average but still be within the normal range. BIRTH TO 5 YEARS
| Social, Emotional andBehavioural Development| Communication andIntellectual Development| Physical Development(gross and fine motor)| Birth – 1 month| Generalised tension.Helpless.Asocial (not social).Fed by mother.| | Feedings: 5 - 8 per day.Sleep: 20 hours per day.Sensory Capacities: makes basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling and tasting, touch temperature and perception of pain.| 2 months – 3 months| Distress.Smiles at a face.Visually fixates at a faceand smiles at it.Maybe soothed by rocking.Enjoys being cuddled.Expresses delight.| Oral Exploration: cries, coos, grunts.| Sensory Capacities: colour perception; visual exploration.Motor Ability: control of eye muscles; lifts head when on stomach.|

BIRTH TO 5 YEARS
| Social, Emotional andBehavioural Development| Communication andIntellectual Development| Physical Development(gross and fine motor).| 4 months – 6 months| Enjoys being cuddled.Recognises his mother.Distinguishes between familiar persons and strangers.No longer smiles indiscriminately.Expects feeding, dressing and bathing.| Oral Exploration: babbling; makes most vowels and about half of the consonants,| Sensory Capacities: localises sounds.Motor Ability: control of head and arm movements; purposive grasping, rolls over.| 7 months – 9 months| Specific emotional attachment to mother.Protests separation from mother.Enjoys "peek-a-boo" games.| | Motor Ability: control of trunk and hands; sits without support; crawls about.| 10 months – 12 months| Responsive to own name.Waves "bye-bye".Plays "pat-a cake".Understands "no!"Gives and takes objects.Affection.Anger.Fear of strangersCuriosity & Exploration.| Language: says one or two words; imitates sounds; responds to simple commands.| Feedings: 3 meals per day, 2 snacks.Sleep: 12 hours per day with2 naps.Motor Ability: control of legs and feet; stands; creeps; apposition of thumb and fore-finger.| BIRTH TO 5 YEARS

| Social, Emotional andBehavioural Development| Communication andIntellectual Development| Physical Development(gross and fine motor).| 1 year – 11/2 years| Dependent behaviour.Very upset when separated from mother.Fear of the bath.Obeys limited commands.Interested in his mirror image. | Language: repeats a few words.| Motor Ability: creeps up stairs; walks (10 - 20 minutes); makes lines on paper with crayon; feeds himself.| 11/2 years – 2 years| Temper tantrums (1 – 3 years).Resentment of a new baby.Does the opposite of what he is told (18 months).| Language: vocabulary of more than 200 words.| Motor Ability: runs; kicks a ball; builds a 6-cube tower (2 years); capable of bowel & bladder control.Sleep: 12 hours at night with1 – 2 hour naps| 2 years – 3 years| Fear of separation.Negativistic (2 1/2 years).Violent tempers.Different facial expressions – anger, sorrow and joy.Sense of humour; plays tricks.Copies parents actions.Dependent, clinging.Possessive about toys.(continued overleaf)| Language: talks, uses "I", "me" and "you"; says words, phrases and simple sentences; vocabulary of 272 words.Inability to make decisions.| Motor Ability: jumps off a step; rides a tricycle; uses crayons; builds a 9-cube tower; seats self on a chair; uses a spoon and fork; becoming independent in toileting; turns pages singly. |

BIRTH TO 5 YEARS
| Social, Emotional andBehavioural Development| Communication andIntellectual Development| Physical Development(gross and fine motor).| 2 years – 3 years(continued)| Enjoys play alongside another child.Resists parental demands.Gives orders.Rigid insistence on sameness of routine.Self-centred – beginning of personal identity.Possessive.Often negative; frustrated.More responsive to humour...
tracking img