(ALL LEARN, ALL PROGRESS)
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF STUDY AND RESEARCH IN LAW,
Submitted To: Submitted By:
Dr. ALOK GUPTA SAGAR KUSHWAH
Dean of Fcaulty Semester 3nd
Public Policy Section-A
NUSRL, Ranchi Roll No. 86
“Every child of the age of six to 14 years shall have a right to free and compulsory education in a neighborhood school till completion of elementary education”
Education and social change are very closely related to each other. Education should prepare the background for social change. Education fulfils the needs of society and propagates such ideas which promote social change, political change etc. in all forms of life. Education has been formally recognized as a human right since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This has since been affirmed in numerous global human rights treaties, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Convention against Discrimination in Education (1960), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and cultural rights (1966). These treaties establish an entitlement to free, compulsory primary education for all children and more important a responsibility to provide basic education for individuals who have not completed primary education.
India achieved independence on August 15, 1947. Meanwhile, the social and legal structure of the society underwent changes with the change in the political set-up on January 26, 1950 a new constitution adopted and need of education arises because education is the only medium for achieving benefit, by the developments and changes in the society. In 2002, India joined, although after fifty-two years of Independence, the host of countries that provide a constitutional guarantee for free and compulsory education (FCE). Article 21–A of the Indian Constitution casts a duty upon the State to provide FCE to children in the age group of six to fourteen years, ‘as the State may, by law, determine’. 86th Amendment Act (2002) via Article 21A (Part III) seeks to make free and compulsory education a Fundamental Right for all children in the age group 6-14 years. It is also known as the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act. The law came into effect in the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir from 1 April 2010 through a speech by the Prime Minister. It was the first time in the history of India that a law was brought into force by a speech by the Prime Minister. In his speech, Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh, stated: "We are committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of gender and social category, have access to education. (We are committed to) an education that enables them to acquire the skills, knowledge, values and attitudes necessary to become responsible and active citizens of India." The Act consists of 7 chapters and 38 sections. Students are the hope of the nation. They are the backbone of a country. So intending towards the words of Kothari commission on education “The destiny of a nation is shaped in its class-room”, we can say that it is essential for the children to know their rights and duties and if we talk about the development, prosperity then a country cannot progress only by its big factories, dams or buildings. It can live only by a sound, moral character of the people, so it is necessary for any nation to provide qualitative education. * The destiny of a nation is folded within its youths as is the flower within the close embrace of the petals that sheathe the buds. - Mrs. Annie Besant. * Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body- Aristotle. * Education is the one of the prime concern of the government - Socrates This project contains study of...