The brain and head develop rapidly.
Cephalo- caudal development
The body develops from head to toe. This is called Cephalo –caudal
The body develops from the middle outwards, which is called proximal -> Distal.
The arms and legs develop less quickly compared to the brain and head.
Development follows the same sequence, even though it does not take place evenly across the body.
Growth = An increase in size, the process of growing and developing.
Development = The acquisition of skills and body control
Milestone = A very important event in a child’s life
Stage = One part of the progress or development
Sequence = An arrangement of important events in a child’s life
MILESTONES OF DEVELOPMENT0-3 months
Emotional and Personal, | * 1 Month: Gaze at the adults face when being fed * 3 Months: Responds when talked to, for example moves arms and legs, changes facial expression, moves body ad makes mouth movements * 3 Months: Respond with pleasure when being cuddled | Communication,and Language | * 1 Month: Make non crying noises such as cooing and gurgling * 3 Months: Cry loudly when needing something * 3 Months: Stops and looks when hears own name | Intellectual| * 1 Month: Start to recognise their carers faces and smiling * 3 months: Show an increasing interest in playthings * 3 Months: Respond to high pitched tones by moving their limbs | Physical | * 1 Month: Can open their hand to grasp adults finger * 3 Months: Can hold head up * 3 Months: Watch their hands and play with their fingers | Social| * 0 Months: Enjoys the company of others and seeks contact with others from birth * 1 Month: Turn to see the speakers face * 3 Months: Smile at familiar people and strangers |
MILESTONES OF DEVELOPMENT3-6 months
Emotional and Personal| * 4-6 Months: Likes cuddles and being held: calms, snuggles in, smiles, gazes at carers face or strokes carers skin * 6 Months: Are more wary of strangers * 6 Months: Shows distress when their mother leaves | Communicationand Language | * 3 Months: Starts to understand contextual clues, eg. Familiar gestures, words and sounds * 6 Months: Turn immediately when they hear their mothers voice from a distance | Intellectual| * 3 Month: Smile in response to speech * 6 Months: Puts objects in mouth * 6 Months: Understand objects and know what to expect of them | Physical | * 3 Months: Can wave their arms and lift their arms over their body * 6 Months: Sit with their back straight when being held by an adult * 6 Months: Reach and grab when a small toy is being offered to them| Social| * 3 Months: Calms from being upset when held, rocked, spoken or sung to with soothing voices * 6 Months: Drinks from cup which is being held * 6 Months: Offers toys to others |
MILESTONES OF DEVELOPMENT6-12months
Emotional and Personal| * 6 Months: Shows a range of emotions such as pleasure, fear and excitement * 11 Months: Reacts emotionally to other people’s emotions, e.g. Smiles when smiled at and becomes distressed if hears another child crying * 12 Months: Uses familiar adult to share feelings such as excitement or pleasure, and for ‘emotional refuelling’ when feeing tired, stressed or frustrated| Communicationand Language | * 6 Months: Turn immediately when they hear their mothers voice from a distance * 9 Months: Understand and obey the command ‘No’ * 12 Months: Saying one word | Intellectual| * 9 Months: Can judge the size of an object * 9 Months: Listens and copies sound such as ‘Dada’| Physical | * 6 Months: Can roll over onto stomach from their back * 9...