Research for information on MDGs: What are the objectives? How much progress has been made in 5 sub-Saharan countries? Analyze the effect of Sharia law being imposed in Mali.
Millennium Development Goals
What is it?
In September of 2000, all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations gathered together to adopt the UN Millennium Declaration. They set out a series of time-bound targets, with a deadline of 2015. These targets are known today as the Millennium Development Goals. There are 8 goals involved in the Millennium Development Goals and these goals and how these goals are to be achieve are listed below.
Goal 1-Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty
Goal 2-Achieve Universal Primary Education
Goal 3-Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
Goal 4-Reduce Child Mortality
Goal 5-Improve Maternal Health
Goal 6- Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
Goal 7-Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
The world has made some progress in achieving many of the Goals. Between 1990 and 2002 average overall incomes increased by more or less 21 percent. The number of people in extreme poverty declined by an estimated 130 million 1. Child mortality rates fell from 103 deaths per 1,000 live births a year to 88. Life expectancy rose from 63 years to almost 65 years. Eight percent of the developing world's people received access to water. Another 15 percent now have access to improved sanitation conditions.But progress has not been equal across the world. Nor has it been equal across the Goals. Within countries, poverty is greatest for rural areas, though urban poverty is also extensive, growing, and underreported by traditional indicators.Sub-Saharan Africa is the epicenter of crisis, with continuing food shortages, a rise of extreme poverty, high child and maternal mortality, and large numbers of people living in slums.
| Progress made in 5 sub-Saharan countries“The MDG campaign has emphasized the failure of Sub-Saharan Africa compared to other regions. Those involved in the MDG effort have been virtually unanimous that Sub-Saharan Africa stands out in that it will not meet ANY of the goals”- William EasterlySouth Africa * The proportion of households with access to clean water increased from 60 percent in 1995 to 85 percent in 2003 and by December 2004 10 million people had access to clean water. Access to sanitation increased from 49 percent of households in 1994 to 63 percent in 2003. According to the 2010 report, absolute poverty has declined, based on a period of economic growth combined with a series of redistributive measures carried out by the government of the day * South Africa has actually reached the goal of universal primary education before the year 2015. However there is still work to be done to improve the quality and functionality of that education. * HIV prevalence levels are still high in South Africa compared to other countries in Northern, Western and Middle Africa. What is lacking in the country is a clear education on how to prevent HIV and AIDS. People need to take responsibility for combating the spread of HIV and AIDS by minimizing risky sexual behavior that is the leading cause of infection.
| * In relation to strengthening global partnerships, South Africa has opened up trade, especially to LDCs and developing countries. Imports from both LDCs and developing countries have increased, with the LDC share of imports rising from less than 1% in 2002 to just fewer than 6% in 2008, while imports from developing countries increased to a high of 47% in 2009.
* Angola has made significant progress in improving more than half of the MDGs. Specifically; pprogress has been made in five of the eight MDGs, which include malnutrition, education, gender balance, child survival and malaria, and HIV/AIDS.
* Malnutrition has dropped from 35 to...
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