Development Control Law Ppt

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  • Topic: Town and country planning in the United Kingdom, Urban planning, Zoning
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  • Published : March 4, 2013
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BRE336 Development Control Law
TOPIC Walled buildings have been criticized to be the root of creating poor air quality for neighbouring community. Town Planning Board (TPB) has therefore imposed of Building Height Restriction (BHR), Non Building Area (NBA) and Building Gap (BG) in some OZP. But TPB failed in a judicial review (Kai Tak Mansion case) on the imposition of BHR, NBA and BG. Discuss the rationale of the decision and your recommendations to solve the problem

BRE336 Development Control Law

1. Content
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Content ........................................................................................................................ 2 Definition of Walled-building ................................................................................. 3 Cause of Walled-Building ........................................................................................ 4 Government responses towards “Walled-Buildings” .......................................... 6 Major considerations in the development of a building site ............................... 7 Responsibility of Town Planning Board (TPB) ..................................................... 7 BHR, NBA, BG in OZP ............................................................................................. 8 Case Study - Kai Tak Mansion Case ....................................................................... 9 Recommendations to solve the problem .............................................................. 16 Conclusion ................................................................................................................ 19 Reference................................................................................................................... 20

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BRE336 Development Control Law

2. Definition of Walled-building There is no universally accepted definition on Walled-Buildings. Green Sense and the Hong Kong Institute of Architects (HKIA) have pointed out some common features of Walled-Buildings. With reference to the common features identified by Green Sense and HKIA, it defines Walled-Buildings as follow:  A residential estate with three or more blocks of building packed together in a row with space between each block less than 5 meters  Average number of stories above 20  Wall length exceed 60 meters While there is no particular definition of the “wall effect”, this phenomenon generally refers to high density and compact building bulk affecting ventilation to residents living in the vicinity.

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BRE336 Development Control Law

3. Cause of Walled-Building 3.1.Housing policies - 85,000 Scheme This scheme is announced in 1997-1998 Policy Address, which provides at-lease 85,000 residential flats per year therefore shortens the waiting time for public rental housing. As a result, government had speeded up and streamlined the application process of properties with high plot ratios. It has profound effect on increasing walled buildings. 3.2.Large land lot approved The schedules of the Building (Planning) Regulations cover the relationship between the heights of building, site coverage, plot ratios and use. As the building height and plot ratio increase, the permitted site coverage decreases. If large land lot has high plot ratio, developers can propose the building bulk shifted to one side forming a row therefore full use the development. The other side is reserved for the clubhouse and swimming pool or other facilities to maximize the units with ocean views. (Tong, 2009)

Floor Plan of Vision City 萬景峰 Source: http://www.visioncity.com.hk/

Floor Plan of Royal Peninsul 半島豪庭 Source: http://app.midland.com.hk/

3.3.Selling prices maximization and government’s revenue maximization Obviously, homebuyers in general are willing to pay premium for flats with sea view than those without sea view. Developers would like to generate more flats with sea views Therefore, developing the building bulk into a...
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