Development Administration

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Introduction:
The term development has multidimensional meaning. Generally it means betterment, change, enlargement, expansion, gain, growth, evaluation, improvement etc. Development in the context of development administration refers to the cluster of politics and process through which the low income countries strive to achieve a higher level of growth leading to a higher standard of living for their people. Development has been perceived in different ways by scholars of different disciplines like ‘Modernization’, ‘Industrialization’, ‘Economic development’, ‘political development’, ‘Social development’, etc. Economist argue that economic development is the basic indicator measured through the GDP distribution per capita, whereas politicians think that a society is developed where there is political freedom with assurance of basic necessities of life and the behaviorists believe socio-cultural development is development where its promotional opportunity exists. In contrast development should meet the basic needs of human being with increasing rate of comfort, living facilities and good quality of food, transport and communication, education, health care and hygiene facilities etc. In a society there are various institution and organization constitute various sector which help to increase the development of any country especially a developing nation or country like Bangladesh. The NGOs are one of them. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become quite prominent in the field of both national and international development in recent decades. The World Bank, for example, defines NGOs as “private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development.” A World Bank Key Document, Working with NGOs, adds, “In wider usage, the term NGO can be applied to any non-profit organization which is independent from government. However From its birth as an independent nation in 1971, Bangladesh became a site for Non Government Organisations.  Initially focused on relief and rehabilitation activities following the War of Liberation and succeeding natural calamities, International and local NGOs turned their efforts to longer term development in the absence of state capacity to deliver welfare. Both the national and international NGOs of our country have long years of experience in providing health and family planning, women development, creating employment generation, giving credit, mobilization to target group, capacity building in planning and management, income earning trough enterprise development etc services at grassroots level and also have had collaborative program with government for infrastructural development of the country. The Concept of NGO:

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally constituted organization created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any form of government. The term originated from the United Nations (UN), and is normally used to refer to organizations that are not a part of the government and are not conventional for-profit business. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization. The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue wider social aims that have political aspects, but are not openly political organizations such as political parties. NGO or non governmental organization believe in the voluntarism principle of development which state that people are the primary and ultimate source of any wealth whatsoever. The major development programs of the NGOs are, therefore undertaken for the people. These organizations provide opportunity to the people in order to organize themselves for self-defense, self-help, self-reliance and development. In the most simple sense the term ‘NGO’...
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