Grand Canyon University
Educational Leadership in a Changing World - EDA 575
February 12, 2011
Developing a Motivational Plan Essay
Motivation is the key to the success to any organization. “Human relation thinkers see the terms motivation and behavior as closely related because human behavior occurs as a result of motivation” (Razik & Swanson, 2010, p. 108). Motivating people to work harder, give of themselves 100%, encouraging the employees to not only work harder, but smarter to develop ways of doing things better can be one of the hardest jobs of an organization (Razik & Swanson, 2010). In this essay I will describe several motivational theories Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Douglas McGregor’s X and Y Theory, Chris Argyris’s Pattern A and B Theory, Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory, and Path Goal-Setting Theory. These theories can be classified as “classical” and “modern” motivational theories.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory which includes the basic needs of self-actualization, esteem, social, safety and physiological can be considered a “classic” way of thinking; in turn the more “modern” approach would include detailed study of human needs. Douglas McGregor’s Pattern X Theory is compared to the more modern Pattern Y Theory which encompasses today’s ideas of what leadership characteristics should include teamwork, self-direction, and creativity. Chris Argyris’s Pattern A Theory would be considered the “classic” approach, where as Pattern B Theory is a more “modern” approach to today’s leadership qualities. Our leadership environment would still need supervision and structure, but still promoting a mutual respect between administrators and staff. Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation Theory viewed as the “classic” approach to challenge and study motivators to the more “modern” approach where all areas of the organization are considered, more responsibility is distributed and...