CHAPTER 9 TIMELINE
* South produces 3,135 bales of cotton
* Scarcely 100,000 white settlers lives in Trans-Appalachia * Great cities such as Chicago and Pittsburgh are still small villages * Land companies start hawking vast areas of New York, Ohio, and Kentucky to prospective settlers * Huge increase in national population start
* Eli Whitney develops cotton gin, designed to strip fibers from the seeds. Speed up laborers’ work and raised value of southern land, opened economic opportunities 1800
* Average farm at this time is no more than 100 to 150 acres, due to division of farms * Nearly 20 percent of male taxpayers in southeastern Pennsylvania are single (evidence that young men delayed marriage until they could establish themselves financially.) * Southern agriculture is in disarray… low prices, land exhausted for its fertility, and the loss of laves during the revolutionary war left Chesapeake economy in shambles * Absentee landlords have engrossed much of present-day West Virginia, Tennessee, and western Carolinas. 1803
* Georgia and South Carolina alone import 20,000 new slaves 1805
* Cotton accounts for 30 percent of the nation’s agricultural exports * Human tide appears to grow in trans-Appalachia.
* Slave trade ends
* Number of people living in trans-Appalachians grows to 1 million 1820
* South’s cotton output mushrooms to 334,378 bales
* As Northeast’s population and demands grow, the region’s once heavily forested landscape depletes. * Dramatic changes in port cities of Northeast: region contains four cities of more than 50,000 * Cities in trans-Appalachia like Chicago and Pittsburgh hold 30 percent of nation’s population. * New York finally establishes safe and adequate water supply with the construction of the Croton Aqueduct. * Indian-White Relations
* Vast areas of trans-Appalachians still controlled by Native American tribes * Federal govt. starts to establish policies that would govern Indian-White relations * Non-intercourse act of 1790: declares that public treaties that were ratified by Congress would be the only legal means of obtaining Indian land. 1793
* Congress appropriates $20,000 to promote literacy, agriculture, and vocational instruction among Indians. 1794
* President Washington sends General Anthony Wayne to smash Indian resistance in Northwest. White settlers won against Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. Treaty of Grenville is passed, opening the heart of the Old Northwest to white control. 1799
* Iroquois prophet, Handsome Lake begins preaching combination of Indian and white ways: temperance, peace, land retention, and a new religion combining elements of Christianity and traditional Iroquois belief. 1808
* Cherokee National Council adopts a written legal code combining elements of U.S. and Indian Law 1809
* Shawnee leaders Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa start to warn regional tribes about the dangers that would come. They form alliances and established headquarters and Kithtippecanoe. Tecumseh carries his message south to the Creek and Cherokee, seeming very bitter. 1811
* Even though southern tribes refuse to join, more than 1,000 fighting men gather at Kithitippecanoe. 1813
* Red Sticks (fighting Creeks) carries out series of devastating raids and assaulted Fort Mims on the Alabama river, killing 500 men, women, and children. 1814
* Climax of Creek War: While American cannon fire rakes the Red Stick’s town of Tohopeka, Cherokee warriors cut off all hope of retreat. More than 800 Native Americans dies afterwards as Andrew Jackson finishes his victory with destroying the rest of the Red Stick towns. 1820
* More than 1,300 black slaves in the Cherokee nation.
* Congress abolishes factory system where Indians would go for fairer treatment 1824
* Tribal law forbids intermarriage with blacks...
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