"Cameroon is whimsically named after the Rio dos Camarões, of River of Prawns, the name given to the Wouri River estuary by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century." ("Into Africa" 202) Cameroon is a less developed country seeking to improve its situation, with the aid of western nations and by reducing poverty and unemployment rates which are extremely high. Cameroon is a former French and British colony and the country merged in 1961, to later form the present country. The country got renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 then the Republic of Cameroon in 1984. The nation has generally had stability, which permitted development of agriculture, roads, petroleum industry, and railways. There is a slow movement toward democratic reform, but political power firmly remains in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy. Power lies firmly in the hands of the president, Paul Biya, and his Cameroon People's Democratic movement party, and the corruption is widespread. Cameroon is a small example of Africa itself; it needs a lot of help to improve the situation it has sunk into, that's why it is known as "Africa in miniature." Just like Africa, the main issue to be solved is also economy, which also includes poverty, unemployment and violence.
President Ahidjo was the first real president of the Republic of Cameroon, not one of the best though. Ahidjo inherited a smoldering civil war against supporters of the more radical party, the UPC (History of Cameroon). The government brutally and gradually beat the more radical party, UPC. The state of emergency in Cameroon becomes a long term and easy way for Ahidjo to establish a repressive dictatorship (History of Cameroon). He is able to continue his rule for a period of twenty two years in a row. Ahidjo then handed over the presidency peacefully in 1982 to a successor that he chose, Paul Biya. The beginning of Paul Biya's rule was very peaceful at the start, although the calm proves short-lived, because people found out...
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