determinism and moral responsibility

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Determinism and Moral Responsibility
Does it make sense to impose the death penalty? Reinstatement of the death penalty is a famous topic that has been argued across nations for many years. There is no right or wrong decision of whether or not to reinstate the death penalty because there are strong beliefs and opinions supporting either side. Even though there are strong beliefs and opinions supporting both sides, I still believe that death penalty should be imposed. The reason is that I believe everybody is responsible for their own actions and the person that committed a crime must be severely punished. I am also a believer of the current justice system. When our justice system found a person is guilty, there will be good amounts evidence that supports the finding. Therefore, when our justice system found a person is guilty, it is not likely that the person is innocent. One of the major beliefs in philosophy that support the reinstatement of death penalty is Moral Responsibility. In contrast, one of the major beliefs that do not support the reinstatement of death penalty is Determinism. According to Wikipedia, Moral Responsibility is the “status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one’s moral obligations.” In other words, Moral Responsibility is a belief in philosophy that indicates a person should get the corresponding reward, punishment, praise, or blame in connection to person’s right or wrong action. Of course, in Moral Responsibility, the person should get praise or reward when the person did something good and the person should get blame or punishment when the person did something bad or omission of doing something good (“Moral Responsibility”). For instance, a person did not serve his or her Moral Responsibility if the person runs away instead of trying to save a child inside the burning car or calling the police for help after witnessing a huge car accident. Omission of saving the child from harm and calling the police for help is the person Moral Responsibility even though the person is not legally responsible in doing so. The person is not legally responsible since the person would not be liable in our court system for not helping. Undoubtedly, the belief of Moral Responsibility would support the reinstatement of death penalty because the death penalty would be a deserving punishment in connection to his or her wrongdoing since a life was lost due to his or her wrongdoing. In contrast, Determinism is the “philosophical proposition that every event, including human cognition and behavior, decision, and action is casually determined by an unbroken chain or prior occurrences.” In other words, determinism is a belief in philosophy that indicates there is no “free will,” human choice, or consciousness in anything that we do because everything is controlled by external factors. Those external factors include our past and present experiences, the environment, social circumstances, genetic endowment, and god. Based on these external factors, our future behavior, decision, and action are all foreseeable or predictable (Wikipedia, “Determinism”). For this reason, according to determinism, even if a person is given a choice and the person chooses one thing over another, he or she did not really have any choice. The choice that the person thought he or she made is just an illusion since his or her choice is predictable based on external factors. Since everything that a person do is predictable and nobody have any choice, “free will” does not exist. Since “free will” does not exist, then there is no such thing as right or wrong because nobody has a choice of what they do anyways. If there is no such thing as right or wrong, there should be no judgments or punishments for any wrongdoings (Landauer, 2001). Obviously, the belief of determinism would not support the reinstatement of death penalty because nobody should be punished for...
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