Determining the Ratio of Circumference to Diameter of a Circle

In determining the ratio of the circumference to the diameter I began by measuring the diameter of one of the si objects which contained circles, then using a string, I wrapped the string around the circle and compared the length of the string, which measured the circumference, to a meter stick. With this method I measured all of the six circles. After I had this data, I went back and rechecked the circumference with a tape measure, which allowed me to make a more accurate measure of the objects circumferences by taking away some of the error that mymethod of using a string created.

After I had the measurements I laid
them out in a table. The objects
that I measured were a small flask, a large flask, a tray from a scale, a roll of tape, a roll of paper towels, and a spraycan.
By dividing the circumference of the circle by the diameter I was able to calculate the experimental ratio, and I knew that the accepted ratio was pi. Then I put both ratios in the chart.
By subtracting the accepted ratio from the experimental you find the error. Error is the deviation of the experimental ratio from the accepted ratio. After I had the error I could go on to find the percentage error. The equation I used was, error divided by the accepted ratio times 100. For example, if I took the error of the experimental ratio for the paper towels, which was 0.12. I took that and divided it by the accepted ratio giving me .03821651. Then I multiplied that by 100 giving me about 3.14. Using these steps I found the percentage error for all of the objects measured.

The next step was to graph the results. I was able to do this very easily with spreadsheet. I typed in all of my data and the computer gave me a nice scatter block graph. I also made a graph by hand. I set up the scale by taking the number of blocks up the side of my graph and dividing them by the number of blocks across. I placed my points on my hand...

...KARLA WRIGHT AKELI
Karla is my sister who has been there throughtout my life. She is my little sister and she helps me out when i'm struggling at times and also keeps me company all the time. Whenever she wants to play sports at school, i always encourage her to play to her best ability and just have fun. She might be annoying at times but a little sister like her is all i want and need. I love my little sister because she is awesome and has respect for a lot of people, she is trustworthy and kind as well. "Having a sister is like having a best friend you can't get rid of and whatever you do, they'll still be there", and this awesome quote really inspired me with my relationship with my lovely little sis. Karla loves to play sports such as netball, and touch but especially netball, and she is into drawing and loves to do painting in arts as well. Other girls may have little sister's but the little sis that i have is way better. Karla and i stick to school and just have our minds focusing for our future ahead of us and what we want to become when we're older. Karla makes me laugh and entertains me with her funny jokes. Karla and i are sisters forever, we may fight but that's okay, sisters are forever and never apart and i love my little sister forever and i'll never stop loving her. We stick up for each other when we hear people talk bad about us and we take them down good. My sister and i always have happy and sad moments as well and that goes for everyone.
KIND...

...Ratio decidendi and obiter dicta
Learning objectives
At the end of this module, you will be able to:
* distinguish between ratio decidendi and obiter dicta.
* apply well-established rules to identify the ratio decidendi in a decision.
This module is intended as a useful exercise in revision. If you are certain that you understand how to discover the ratio in an opinion, you should skim lightly over this material.
What is the ratio decidendi?
As you probably recall from your studies, the term ratio decidendi is a Latin phrase which means the "the reason for deciding". What exactly does this mean? In simple terms, a ratio is a ruling on a point of law. However, exactly what point of law has been decided depends on the facts of the case.
| The importance of material facts As Goodhart A L (1891–1978) pointed out long ago in the 1930s, the ratio is in pratical terms inseparable from the material facts. Goodhart observed that it "is by his choice of material facts that the judge creates law". By this Goodhart meant that the court's decision as to which facts are material or non-material is highly subjective, yet it is this inital decision which determines a higher or lower level of generality for the ratio. Goodhart's reformulation of the concept of the ratio was the subject of heated debate, particularly in the 1950s....

...Ratio Analysis
Ratio analysis is basically used to understanding the financial health of a business entity. With the help of ratios we can easily calculate from current year performance of the companies and are then compared to previous years. Ratio analysis conducts a quantitative analysis of information in a company’s financial statements. These Ratios are most commonly used in banking sector can be divided into five main categories
Liquidity Ratios
Leverage Ratios
Profitability Ratios
Activity Ratios
Market Ratios
A) Liquidity Ratios
Liquidity Ratios are used to determine a company's ability to meet its short terms obligations.
These include;
1) Current Ratio
2) Acid Test Ratio
3) Working capital
Current Ratio
What Does Current Ratio Mean?
A liquidity ratio that measures a company's ability to pay short-term obligations. Also known as "liquidity ratio", "cash asset ratio" and "cash ratio".
OR
It is a measure of general liquidity and is most widely used to make the analysis for short term financial position or liquidity of a firm. It is calculated by dividing the total of the current assets by total of the current liabilities.
Formula = Current Assets / Current Liabilities...

...Ratio Analysis Memo
July 9, 2012
Memo To:
From:
Date: July 9, 2012
RE: Kudler Fine Foods ratio analysis
One of the things that we will be going over is some of the ratios for Kudler Fine Foods through Liquidity, Profitability, and solvency ratios. We will look into some of the finding that were found through these ratios and discuss them. One of the things that we found was where Kudler Fine Foods’ position is with these ratios. The first area that we look at is profitability.
Profitability Ratios:
When looking through the profits of the company through the balance sheets we will look at a couple of areas. The first area that we will look into is the asset turnover of the company. The beginning assets started in at $1,971,000. When you take that by the total assets of $2,675,250 you get the turnover margin which is 4.04.
Net Sales___ = Asset Turnover $10,796,200 = 4.04
Total Assets $2,675,250
Next area we see is the profit margin. You see through the balance sheet that Kudler Fine foods over the board did pretty good when you look at it from a profit stand point. The way we calculated the profit margin was Net Income over sales and this was the information that we got:
Net Income = Profit Margin $668,950__ = .06
Net Sales $10,796,200
Looking into the return on assets it was interesting to...

...[pic]
Basics of Economics
Submitted to:
Ms. Deepa Bhaskaran
Submitted By:
Sahil Bansal
Venkat Batra
Saurabh Satija
Ravikant Gupta
NANO CASE
Q-1 Identify target market for nano ?
Ans- The target market for nano would be
The group of people that belongs th the lower-middle class that earlier could not have thought of a car .
Higher-midle class group as well who already owe a car but want to or might be interested in buying another car but cant afford other expensive car .
The group of people who would certainly interested into having a compact car .
Q-2 What all factors should be taken in a account while identifying the demand for nano cars in malaysia ?
Ans-The factors that should be taken into account while identifying the demand for nano car in
malaysia are as follows :-
PRICE-price should be fixed according to the income level of the majority of the population in malaysia .
PLACE-which would be the preferable place to hit for profitable results .
TASTE AND PREFERANCES-considering the taste and preferences of the majorityb of the people in malaysia .
COMPETITION IN MARKET-analysing the market well to find out if there z any competition .
PREFERENCE OF PETROL OVER DIESEL OR VICE-VERSA-to check what the...

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Assignment 2012/2013 – Semester 2
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B. Com (Major in Banking and Finance) – Year III
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Ratio Analysis Report
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Student: Kevin Galea 205891 (M)
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Lecturer: Dr. Emanuel Camilleri
Introduction
The purpose of the following report is to aid Build-It Ltd in planning the direction that the company may want to go over the next few years. The report entails a financial analysis which will give the directors an understanding of how well the company is performing.
Figures were obtained from comparative balance sheets and profit and loss statements from the last two years. This information enabled the development of percentage and ratio analysis (see appendices), which was then used to create the report.
Profitability Ratios Analysis
Profitability refers to the ability to make profit from the company’s business activities. It shows how efficiently the management can make profit by using all the resources available.
A very important ratio is the Return on Capital Employed (ROCE). This shows the profit made in relation to the resources employed. Build-It Ltd’s ROCE ratios for 2011 and 2012 were calculated as 22.12% and 25.64% respectively. This increase in...

...Liquidity Ratios: Current Ratio = Current Assets/Current Liabilities
Efficiency Ratios Asset Turnover Ratio = Sales Revenue/ (Fixed Assets + Current Assets)
Profitability Ratios Net Profit Margin = (Net Profit x 100) /Sales Revenue
Return on Capital Employed = Net Profit (Operating Profit) x 100
(ROCE) Capital Employed
Solvency Ratios Gearing Ratio = Total Liabilities/Shareholders Equity
Investment Ratios Earnings per Share (EPS) = Net Income – Dividends on preferred stock
Average Outstanding Shares
Price/Earnings Ratio (P/E) = Market Price of Share/EPS
Aviation Industry Specific Ratios…
Available Seat Miles = Total No. of Seats Available for Transporting Passengers
(ASM) x No. of Miles Flown during Period
Revenue Passenger Mile = No. of Revenue Paying Passengers x
(RPM) No. of Miles Flown During Period
Load Factor
Quick/Acid Test Ratio = Current Assets less Stock/Current Liabilities
Dividend Yield = Annual Dividends per Share
Price per Share
Liquidity Ratios
Current Ratio = Current Assets/...

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