Determinants of Student's Academic Performance

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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

It is a positive statement when one says that man of modern society is so advanced in education, both in the science and in technology, but won’t mind nor think about what steps he could make or trace what good he could do for his fellowmen. He does not live in terms of attitudes acceptable in the society where he lives. A man today is more conscious of his own personal upliftment, keeps innocent of knowing his worth which would be undeniably great if he is treading the right way.

Everyone has a right in education. This is embodied in Article XIV Section I of the Philippine Constitution 1987: The state shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education to all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. Schools, colleges, and universities have no work without student. Students are most essential assets for any educational institute. The social and economic development of the country is directly linked with student academic performance. The students performance place an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leader and manpower for the country thus responsible for the country’s economic and social development. So the parents or guardians must do their responsibilities and roles to give what they need in education. Intelligence is not the only determinant of the academic performance of the student. Academic performance of a student is always associated with the many components of learning environment. Learning and teaching environment ought to implement six functions: inform, communicate, collaborate, produce, scaffold, and manage. The key to success in learning-teaching environment lies on people who use it. Hence, in the instructional system, the teacher is the main factor who can spell the difference between success and failure of a student. Another important determinant, which shouldn’t be neglected, is the family. Family is the primary social system for students for all cultures across the region. Religiosity as an aspect of the family environment is another independent variable possibly influencing academic performance. Higher-achieving students are likely to have the following characteristics: positive feelings about their school experiences, attribute their success in high school to such things as hard work, self-discipline, organization, ability, and high motivation, these characteristics vary from person to person and country to country.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study determined the related factors to the academic performance of Bachelor of Science in Respiratory Therapy, second year students at Cagayan State University. To attain the aforementioned objective, answer to the following research questions were sought. 1. What is the profile of the BSRT 1st year students in terms of:

A. Personal Factors:
a. 1. Sex
a. 2. Parent’s occupation
a. 3. Sibling number
a. 4. Physical health
a. 5. Student attitude
a. 6. Religion or Ethnicity
B. School Factors:
b. 1. No vision
b. 2. Lack of passion
b. 3. Lack of personal/work/school/family balance
b. 4. Lack of taking advantage of student resources
b. 5. Attending the wrong college or university
b. 6. Lack of maturity and discipline
C. Community Factors:
c. 1. School distance from home
c. 2. Means of transportation
D. Intrinsic Factors:
d.1 . Interest
d.2 . Ability
E. Extrinsic Factors:
e.1 Family Factor
e.2 Peers
F. Aspirations
G. Needs
A. What are the determinants of the academic performance of the BSRT 1st year students? B. Is there a relationship between the profile and the academic performance of the BSRT 1st year students? C. How do the teachers perceive the academic performance of the BSRT 1st year students? SCOPE AND DELIMINATION OF THE STUDY

This research study is...
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