The origin of the Homeric poems "The Iliad" and the "Odyssey" are a partial mystery. To recent day knowledge historians know of Homer and that he composed these epic poems. The great mystery of these poems and the poet is that there are no historical implications of whom, and how these poems were composed. Although there isn't information of whom and how, Homer used excellent location and details. The poems in general are masterpieces of Greek literature, but are being used in present day for more then reading and entertainment purposes.
There really is no solid information about Homer. The stories that composed the Iliad and the Odyssey are informal, unwritten orally developed stories (Coolidge 105). It was Homer that added the place locations and details of the based on reality stories. Researchers have studied the origins of Homer and here are two hypotheses as to Homer's background. The first hypothesis is that Homer lived with Nausicca and her father the King Alcinous. He may be from the island of Scheria. The next hypothesis would be, that in Homer's writhing he spelled his homeland's name backward. This was a form of Solomon, thus Homer was a scholar a king (Brown 1). Although Homer never gave information about his self in his writings, there is information of the place and time he wrote. This was decided upon the details and the usage of actual historical artifacts Homer used in his stories.
Homer's poetry was firmly rooted in the late bronze era (Gill 1). Homer probably lived after around the time of the Trojan War in Chaos or Snyeria (Brown p. 105). He was probably a scholar of history and writing. Homer was realistic in the means of history and civilizations. He had great knowledge of the Mycenaean civilization. This was around 400 years before his time. Homer was able to recall palaces and locations, which were destroyed. He has mentioned the Mycenaean warfare and that bronze weapons were used. He also was familiar with the use of chariots. Homer's knowledge of the chariot's use not too clear, but he describes them as a ferry to taxi the gods and heroes around. He describes this in the Iliad. Homer also was familiar with Mycenaean art. He mentions of the shield of Achilles in BOOK 18, and the Nesters cup at the Iliad. Homer was able to describe Mycenaean politics as well. He knew the meaning of the relationship of Agamemnon and Achilles reflection of the king. Wanax was a term used often by homer to describe the king (Gill 1).
The two works by Homer were both imaginative and historical stories concerning the Trojan War. They were known as cultural stories of ancient Greece. The stories did take place around the City of Troy. Greeks in general regard Homer's two epics as the highest cultural achievement of the Greek heritage. Ancient Roman and Grecian historians have often looked to Homer's works for comparison and accuracy. History would make more sense when put in the light of narrated events from these two poems. The poems narrate honor, virtue and are main documents of Grecian ancient history. Although the main points brought out in the stories are of moral values and not so much of meaning to be historical. The importance of human life was brought about in the Iliad. For the most part dying with out fame was considered a disaster of life. This reflects Grecian society and thoughts of humanity. Generally the warriors in the Homeric poems would commit outrageous deeds to avoid death in obscurity or infamy (Holland 1). This explains why the Greeks were one of the most powerful of people in their time.
These twelfth century epic poems were composed three centuries after the Trojan War. The Greeks saw the Trojan War as their first monument in history when they came together to destroy Asian city of Troy. The unification gave Greeks a sense of cultural identity. This was despite Greeks regarded the Trojan War as the defining monument of establishment in Greek character. This...