Design Principles and Application
The scale for the design that has been decided is a scale of 1:500. This has been chosen as it is the most appropriate and realistic size for the construction company to work from. The plan that has been sketched, has detail of the basic materials that will be used for the roof, walls and window types. Having looked at the area of where the construction will take place, the look that has been chosen is more of a modern but cosy home like feel to it. This has been decided as a vintage or a futuristic design will not work as the homes are aimed for families and for both young people and old people. This will attract a wider audience and will sell more.
Accuracy is an important factor in the construction company, as slight errors will delay the work and the costs will increase. If the design and construction work do not co-ordinate together then there would be a big risk of poor quality within the building. This will also lead to health and safety issues which would need to be addresses and well planned before starting work to avoid very risky and dangerous situations.
Therefore it was concluded that the most sensible way to avoid such situations and extra costs is to hire a CIRIA company. This company is a construction industry research and information association.
The company will do a thorough investigation of the design and the building site. If faults are detected earlier the cost of repair and damage will be reduced. The investigation is carried out before tendering. The ground risks will also be dealt with and factored in at the design stage, avoiding costly delays. It is also made vital that the structural, soil and civil engineers have a contribution where the design is necessary.
The association will also plan for essential site production requirements such as the sight layout. It should be taken into consideration the nature of the sight and the stages of construction. The practical side should be taken into consideration such as site access and movement within the site, especially on overcrowded sites. Also the areas where the material would be stored should have easy access to it, so time is not wasted
Another way the construction company has chosen to reserve time, money and effort is by the building control regulations. Such regulations are health and safety for people in and around the buildings. Facilities that need to be looked into are for those with disabilities so they also have access in and around the facilities. Building control however does not look at the quality control or the way the building looks and are separate to planning legislations. The building design and development must also comply with the laws relating to the planning and building control. The areas covered by the building regulations are the structural stability and whether the building can carry the anticipated loadings. Fire precautions need to be taken to make sure that the buildings can be evacuated in an event of a fire. It is also important to prevent dampness and condensation in buildings incase of damage such as growing fungus or the damage of the foundation. The regulations also consist of sound resistance of walls and floors between dwellings. Other regulations that are included are electrical safety within the dwellings, safe positioning of glazing in windows and doors, and access to buildings and facilities.
It is necessary to plan a building scheme as a building or refurbishment scheme take months or even years to complete. The process also has many uncertainties which need to be managed. It is also important to ensure a profitable process. That is why it is important produce a detailed and accurate RIBA plan. The RIBA plan consists of 11 stages from A-K, in which each stage identifies the duties of the team members, for example the architect and the contractor. Below is a developed RIBA plan showing the process of the design, leading onto the construction. It also...
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