Wide band piezo-composite transducer is a next generation transducer for under water application. The impedance matching on the interface between electro-acoustical transducer and electrical transmitter has been the most important subject to confirm the high transmitting efficiency. Because the impedance of a wide band transducer depends on signal frequency, it is difficult to design a matching network between power amplifier and the transducer for maximum power transfer. A novel method is proposed to attain the goal in which, impedance matching is achieved by designing a lumped network. The values of elements in the lumped network are optimized through number of experiments. This approach really develops an effective method for impedance matching design and reduced the time for trial and error. Moreover this method makes the implementation procedure less complex.
Keywords: Wide-band transducer, impedance matching, tuning, equivalent circuit
Piezoelectric transducers are used for under water applications. As we know higher frequencies are more easily attenuated in water, so low frequency sound waves are used for under water mapping. Basically a transducer converts the electrical signal from power amplifier to acoustic signal, which propagates under water. A transducer is always operated at its resonance, where it has maximum amplitude of vibration. To have maximum conversion efficiency, both power amplifier and transducer should be electrically matched. In general, a tuning coil designed as an autotransformer is used for tuning as the matching circuit, at resonance frequency of the transducer. This type of matching can be done only for a single frequency and a different method is needed for wide band impedance matching.
2. Wide-band impedance matching
To transfer maximum power from the power amplifier to the transducer a...