“A Study of Multi-Product Cross Country Pipeline”
Mentor Members Anvesh Srivastava (R010207016)
Adarsh Kumar Arya Chanchal Kumar Tiwari (R010207020) Joy Barua (R010207026) Kamini Uniyal (R240207024
As we know, Pipelines are the important part of any country as it plays major role in transportation of petroleum products and helps in meeting the energy requirement of any country. So pipeline construction is a major activity accounting for almost 40% of the total cost. Like any other major activity, this is multi-disciplinary subject as it involves many steps from pipeline route selection ,different surveys to the final construction. In this pipeline construction process, Designing of the pipeline is a very critical process as it includes many steps as diameter selection , number of pumping stations required, power requirement, losses in the pipeline, thermal stress analysis, calculation of MAOP etc. In our major project “A Study of Multi-Product Cross Country Pipeline” , we are trying to do a study on designing part of a pipeline i.e. diameter selection , number of pumping stations required, power requirement, losses in the pipeline, thermal stress analysis, calculation of MAOP etc under the guidance of our mentor A.K. Arya.
A Cross country pipeline is generally laid across cross country locations in addition to Pipeline Operator’s own premises, mostly passing thru agricultural and waste lands and crossing various roads, railways, canals, rivers and other utility lines reroute. The pipeline stations like pumping stations etc. will be developed in the lands under the Pipeline Owner’s possession for respective purposes. Cross country pipelines are generally laid underground maintaining a minimum top cover of 1 metre duly following relevant statutory and technical specifications. A corridor of appropriate width, say 18 metres is required for pipeline laying activity all along the pipeline route for movement of construction equipments deployed during construction. This corridor is acquired under Petroleum & Mineral Pipeline (Acquisition of Right of User in Lands) Act, 1962 and its amendments. As per the act, after due publication of gazette notifications (called 3(1), 5(1), 6(1) notifications) under the above act thru Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, the pipeline owner acquires Right of Use (ROU) for laying and maintenance of the pipeline along the desired corridor. The land owners are allowed right to use the same after completion of pipeline laying for the original usage, mostly for agriculture purpose, without carrying out any permanent construction. WHAT CAN BE TRANSPORTED?
Crude Oil, Refined Petroleum Products (HSD, SKO, MS, ATF, Naphtha, Black Oil, FO, LDO), Petrochemical Products, Chemicals, LPG, Natural Gas, Any other Gas. ADVANTAGES OF PIPELINE MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
The advantages of the pipelines over the other modes of transport for supply of petroleum products are listed below: · It is a safe and reliable mode of transport system.
· It is an economical and dependable mode of transport system particularly to the sensitive and strategic areas. · It provides a long term infrastructural option.
· The difficulties in handling large volume of products by rail from one loading point is reduced. · Minimum transit loss. The transit losses in rail/road transportation is as high as 0.3 to 0.5% of throughput, while in case of pipeline, it...